April 13, 2013
Chapter 4 Exam
1) Male Gender Stereotypes- all men enjoy working on cars; men do "dirty jobs"
such as construction and mechanics; men do not do housework and they are not responsible for taking care of children; men play video games; men enjoy outdoor activities such as camping, fishing, and hiking. Female Gender Stereotypes- women are not as strong as men; women love to sing and dance; women are supposed to look pretty and be looked at; women are supposed to cook and do housework; women are supposed to have "clean jobs". (Example) Women that work in law enforcement, not too many women dedicate their lives to studying and arresting criminals.
3) Fundamental Attribution Error- we tend to explain the behavior of other people by attributing their behavior to internal, personal characteristics, while underestimating or ignoring the effects of external, situational factors. (Example) If a classmate were late for class, you’d think him/her so lazy, no wonder he was late for class. However, when in fact the reason for his/her tardiness could be external or situational factors such as heavy traffic. Actor-Observer Bias- when we are the actor, we tend to attribute our own behavior to external causes. When we are the observer of someone else’s behavior, we tend to attribute their behavior to internal causes. (Example) If I were George Bush, as an actor I might see my decision to invade Iraq as due to Al Qaeda’s and Saddam’s actions against the United States. “I didn’t want to invade, but Saddam made me.” Observers, whether Democrat or Republican, see the actions as caused by Bush’s characteristics. Self-Serving Bias- self-serving bias is favoring oneself or crediting oneself. This is seen everywhere in just about everyone. (Example) Comparing yourself favorable over others; I’m a much better and smarter student than my classmates. I study infinitely harder and deserve a better...