Psychology Perspectives

Topics: Psychology, Sigmund Freud, Evolutionary psychology Pages: 3 (733 words) Published: September 25, 2013
Psychology has many different approaches or perspectives about the way humans function. There are the psychodynamic, the cognitive, the evolutionary/sociobiological, the learning, the contextual, and the humanistic perspectives. Each idea is equipped with both strengths and weaknesses, and the study of these characteristics may help us to better understand human behavior.

The psychodynamic perspective was brought about by Sigmund Freud who conjured up the idea of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is like a therapy that gives insight into unconscious emotional conflicts. This theory is based upon the unconscious forces which motivate human behavior.

The psychodynamic approach makes assumption such as the idea that our behavior and feelings are immensely affected by unconscious and internal motives. It promotes the idea that all behavior has a cause. An example would be that our behavior and feelings are rooted and stem from our childhood, and our personalities develop and flourish during the different stages in our childhood during psychosexual development.

The cognitive perspective was developed by Ulrich Neisser, and it popularized in 1967 when Neisser published Cognitive Psychology. The word “cognition” means “knowing.” This approach’s main idea is to study how an individual’s mind processes and responds to information.

This approach is very scientific. Cognitive experiments are a good way to explain behavior by observing how the mind operates.
The evolutionary perspective is also known as the sociobiological perspective. It is very much based on psychological traits such as memory, perception, and language. A major study in this specific idea is adaption, both physical and mental. A mental example is how our minds fluctuate to accommodate different situations.

Evolutionary psychology is an approach that bases itself on human nature and how our minds adapt to our surroundings and environment.
The learning perspective is also known as...
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