Psychology News

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Developmental psychology, Psychology Pages: 2 (748 words) Published: March 25, 2015
[Music plays]
Good Day Class,
This is Psychology News, and I’m your host, Kasieann Clayton. In today’s top stories:
a) Researchers have identified two propositions that psychodynamic theorists have in common. b) Karen Horney explains why environmental and social factors strongly influence personality development. c) Researchers from the University of Technology discuss the relevance of Erikson’s first four stages of development to understanding the psychological development of children in the 21st century. d) Psychologists criticized of the relevance of Freud’s theory in today’s society.

The news in details.

Psychodynamic theorists such as Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson and Karen Horney believed that our childhood shapes our personality, dynamic anxiety and use of defense mechanisms. Sigmund Freud proposed the idea that our personalities are shaped and motivated by subconscious and conscious forces with a strong influence from childhood experiences. He believed that each stage of a child’s development beginning at birth is directly related to specific needs and demands, each based on a particular body part and all rooted in a sexual base. He offered dynamic and psychosocial explanations for human behavior as well as conceptualizing what researchers call the psycho-sexual stages of development. Sigmund believed that gratification during each stage is important to prevent an individual from becoming fixated in any particular level. Fixation, as he described it, is “attaching oneself in an unreasonable or exaggerated way to another individual or one particular stage of development.” Sigmund claimed that such a fixation at one particular stage can cause bad habits or problems in an individual’s adult life. His explanation of these developmental stages provided early psychosocial explanations for an individual’s deviance or abnormal behavior. According to this theory , there is a delicate of balance that must be met at each stage also he believed that the...
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