Psychology Midterm

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The first thing that comes to mind when considering the amount of topics covered in psychology would be many. The first half of this class has covered many topics from the modern definition of psychology and ways to gather psychological data to memory processes and distinguishing between semantic, episodic and procedural memory. We've covered the study of consciousness and its different states and explored the biological make up of the brain and what makes it tick. This paper will provide a summary of what has been covered throughout the first half of this class.

Beginning with the subject matter from week one, we learned psychology can be defined as the science of mental and behavior processes and it's immediate goal is to understand individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases presumably for the benefit of society. We learned the difference between a theory and a hypothesis when it comes to psychological studies. A theory is a well-established principle that has been developed to explain some aspect of the natural world. A theory arises from repeated observation and testing and incorporates facts, laws, predictions, and tested hypotheses that are widely accepted. A hypothesis however is a specific, testable prediction about what you expect to happen in your study. Then we went over methods to uncover psychological data. One method is through natural observation, which researchers obtain a realistic picture of how behavior occurs by actually watching the behavior. Another method includes laboratory observation, which can be used to control the subject and the environment. Case studies can be used to study an individual in great detail and Surveys can provide a lot of information as it comes from a representative sample.

Week 2 we covered many of the biological aspects of the brain. One of the cells used in the body, the neuron has a cell body, dendrites and axon. They communicate with other cells...
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