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Psychology: Its origins from the 19th century to the present. (Ta...

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Psychology: Its origins from the 19th century to the present. (Talks about the schools of Psychology)

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  • December 3, 2004
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Introduction

Before we can begin, we must first answer the question, 'What is Psychology?' and also describe the subject. Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Most of the experts have agreed that it was Aristotle who was a great contributor to this divine subject because he "touched" on almost all aspects of psychology.

While another man, Wilhelm Wundt was the "father of psychology". He branded such a name because it is said that he established psychology as a field of scientific studies independent from philosophy.

Late 19th Century Psychology

Psychology had its origins through a number of "schools" of psychology. These schools gave way to psychology today, that is, all our theories are bound to them. These schools are as follows:-

Structuralism

Functionalism

Gestalt

Psychoanalysis

Behaviorism

These are the old schools of psychology that half of the founders in their respective field did not agreed with one another.

STRUCTURALISM

Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) was a German psychologist who did poorly in primary (elementary) school and eventually he attended medical school because as anyone else, he wanted a good living. He did psychology and philosophy because he disliked dealing with patients. It is only when became seriously ill, that his main focus was on analyzing the experience of dying rather than being frightened by death. He broke down his experience into thoughts, sensations and feelings.

Not only did he analyze the experience of death but also of living. Like the famous philosopher Aristotle, he believed that he could scientifically study the mind which he thought of as a natural event like heat, light and blood flow.

What is Structuralism? We can answer this question by stating that it attempted to break conscience down, that is, to sensations like taste and feelings like mental images. The school of psychology was founded by Wundt and his students. This school said that there three...