Bucks County Community College
Freudian Psychotherapy Successes and Not So Successful
Sigmund Freud was born May 6th 1856 in Freiberg, in Czech Republic. Freud began his career immediately after graduating college in 1881 with a Doctorate. By 1884 Freud was working with one of the lead doctors, Josef Breuer. While he was working with Breuer he worked on cases for hysteria and treating it with hypnosis. Now a day’s many people still study and practice hypnosis, and believe it works, and continue to use hypnosis. He quickly moved on to other cases with another doctor, Jean-Martin Charcot, a neurologist. Years later Freud discovered the “Mystery of Dreams” and by 1896 he was finally recognized by many as psychoanalysis.
Freud had many theories, and he was very popular for them. One of his theories was the conscious and unconscious mind. In this theory the “Freudian Slip” was invented. The “Freudian Slip” is an unconscious misstatement, for example accidently calling your current boyfriend by the name of you ex-boyfriend. Typically you would claim that it was mere accident, but Freud’s psychoanalytic theory says this is no accident. The psychoanalytic theory claims that these misspoken words are because of unresolved feeling or possibly because of misgivings about the current boyfriend. Freud’s psychoanalytic theory is broken down in two parts, the conscious mind and the unconscious mind. The conscious mind is all the things we are aware of. This is part of a mental process that allows us to think and talk rationally. The unconscious mind is where all our feelings, thoughts, urges, and memories are all kept out of our conscious awareness. Usually the feelings of your unconscious mind are unacceptable or unpleasant, such as pain, anxiety, or conflict. Freud’s theory of the unconscious mind is that, even though we are unaware of it, the unconscious mind is the influence of our behavior and experience.
Freud has many other theories, for example the id, ego, and superego. This psychoanalytic theory is broken down in to three elements of personality which work together creating human behaviors. The id part of this theory is achieved at birth. Id is unconscious behaviors of personality that are instinctive and primitive. According to Freud the id is psychic energy, which he believes makes it the primary part of personality. The ego is the part of the personality that deals with reality. From Freud’s psychoanalytical view the ego develops from the id making sure that the impulses of the id are expressed in a proper manner in the real world. The ego functions in the conscious and unconscious mind. Finally the third part of the personality is the superego. The superego is our internalized moral standards and ideals that we learn from society and our parents, giving us a sense of right and wrong. The superego is broken down in to two parts, the ego ideal and the conscience. The ego ideal is good behavior that is approved by parents and authority figures. By showing good behavior and following rules you get a feeling of pride and accomplishment. The conscience is behavior that is viewed as bad by parents and society. Behaviors that are bad typically lead to consequences such as punishment, guilt, and remorse. The superego works to civilize our behavior and is present in the conscious and unconscious mind. Freud called all of these contradicting forces “ego strength” because of the ego’s ability to function even with all the contradictions. This theory is also still considered in modern day. Many of us who are around someone who is selfish or ignorant we refer to them as being “egotistical” or having a “big ego.” This means that these people have an unbalance of the id, ego, and superego, causing them to act differently and sometimes inappropriately as opposed to those who have good “ego strength.”
Finally I will discuss one of Freud’s...