Life Span Perspective
Life span perspective is the most important aspect of human development. It tells us about the various changes which occur in human during every period of development and the changes can be seen as a result of the product of culture and situation surrounding the change (Berger, 2008). Human development is science which deals with to understand people, people of all shapes and forms and how they change with time. It is a science which helps to discover the developmental process and the reasons for the development. Life span perspective helps us to know about other people and developmental nature and changes during their lifetime. It focuses on how individual process and carry out the movement and evolution throughout their lives along with the change. Lifespan perspective is multidirectional and development is also multidimensional. Life span perspective is not unidirectional and is focused on the experience, observation and experiment. Human development is plastic in nature and its main characteristics are development and change (Berger, 2008). There are two theories of lifespan perspective development: 1. Erik Erikson’s theory
2. Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis.
Both of these theories focus towards the internal drives and crisis due to management and internal conflicts. Freud treated his patients and discovered that their problem were as the outcomes of experiences they had in their early life (Berger, 2008). He analyzed that as children proceed further in their developmental stage, their focus drifts from mouth to the anus and then finally to the genitals. Freud in his theory discovered the three most important stages in development of a child including oral, phallic and anal and are characterized by taking an erotic nature. The initial stage is oral stage which focuses on the mouth. During initial childhood time, the anal become the erotic center while during the preschool year’s penis and phallic stage is the erotic...
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