An Introduction to Child Development by Thomas Keenan
An introduction to child development, a book by Thomas Keenan, is an intriguing book that covers predominant issues in development of a child. The book is written well and it offers an exceptional covers of developmental psychology theories and techniques. Notably, the author has provided a grounding of principles which directs theory and research in modern child growth. Evidently, the book reviews research methods and theories which are quite significant in gaining substantial knowledge in developmental psychology. The book is wonderfully organized thereby making it easier for readers to gain clear and comprehensive understanding. Of note is that the author has provided aims and objectives of each topic covered in each chapter. He has provided this at the beginning of each chapter. In addition, at the end of each chapter the author has made available learning points, word list, summaries of chapter as well as propositions for supplementary reading. The book also contains some sample questions which act to check on student’s understanding. More importantly, this outstanding book has new contents on moral growth and biological fundamentals of development thereby making it a choice for scores of learners as well as instructors (Keenan, 2002). Thomas Keenan’s book has ten chapters which are clearly outlined. These chapters seek to highlight some of the issues that children face during their physical and psychological growth. It is worth noting that most of the issues that children face are well explained through development theories which Thomas has significantly provided for the reader. The author of has explained development as way of moving from one stage to another. He asserts that development encompasses several capacities which usually take different ways as well as depict different transformations or steadiness. The book highlights key philosophies of growth such as the belief that growth includes both losses and gains. Such principles have also be backed by other writers such as Baltes who asserts that the process of development entail features of development and decline. The author has visibly provided major theories of development. Among the major theories included in this outstanding book is human personality theory by Freud. Freud states that development is as a result of conscious needs to fit to the reality and unconscious drives. In this theory, a child goes through five developmental stages which are “oral, anal, phallic, latency as well as genital stage. Each an every stage spins around the progress of sexual inclinations. An infant of less than two years directs his/her interest on the mouth whereby he/she bits, sucks or chews. According to Thomas, children at this stage enjoy such behaviors. They find such behaviors as a source for contentment. However, as provided in the book, during the second year of a child’s life, he/she enters the anal stage whereby the enjoyment shifts from the mouth to eliminative function. From this stage the child shifts to phallic stage which takes place between three and six years of age. In this stage the child’s interest revolves around his/her genitals. At some point in this stage, if the child is a boy, he becomes more attracted to his mother while a girl child becomes more attracted to her father. This subsequently leads to latency stage which goes through puberty where the child becomes more interested in developing both intellectual skills and social skills. The final stage otherwise known as genital stage takes place during puberty whereby the adolescent child awakens his/her sexual desires. All through this stage the child seeks for suitable peers rather than family members (Keenan, 2002). .Conspicuously, the book mentions some other major theories which influence a child growth. Some of these...