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Title:
Mother–child play and maltreatment: A longitudinal analysis of emerging social behavior from infancy to toddlerhood. Authors:
Valentino, Kristin, Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, US, Kristin.valentino@nd.edu Cicchetti, Dante, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, MN, US Toth, Sheree L., Mt. Hope Family Center, University of Rochester, NY, US Rogosch, Fred A., Mt. Hope Family Center, University of Rochester, NY, US Address:

Valentino, Kristin, Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, 128 Haggar Hall, Notre Dame, IN, US, 46556, Kristin.valentino@nd.edu Source:
Developmental Psychology, Vol 47(5), Sep, 2011. pp. 1280-1294 Publisher:
US: American Psychological Association
ISSN:
0012-1649 (Print)
1939-0599 (Electronic)
Language:
English
Keywords:
abuse, mother–child interactions, play, social development, young children, maltreatment, infancy, cognitive development Abstract:
Mother–child play of maltreating and nonmaltreating families was analyzed when infants were 12 months old (Time 1), and 2 years old (Time 2), as a context to examine children's developing cognitive and social skills. At Time 1, infants from abusing families demonstrated less independent and more imitative behavior during play than did infants from neglecting and nonmaltreating families, suggesting a delay in emerging social behaviors. In this longitudinal follow-up, mother–child play was reassessed 1 year later (N = 78), with a focus on children's engagement in nonplay and pretend play and on children's abilities to initiate social exchanges and respond to parental requests. Play and social behavior were coded from semistructured and unstructured play paradigms at both time points. Maternal attention-directing behavior and limit setting also was assessed. At Time 2, children from abusing, neglecting, and nonmaltreating families did not differ in cognitive play complexity. However, children from abusing families engaged in less child-initiated play than did children from neglecting and nonmaltreating families, demonstrating less socially competent behavior. Longitudinal analyses revealed child initiated play at Time 2 was negatively associated with abuse and with maternal physical attention directing behavior at Time 1. Child negative reactivity at Time 2 was positively associated with Time 1 maternal physical behavior and child imitation and with Time 2 maternal controlling behavior. Implications for early intervention efforts are emphasized. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract) Subjects:

*Child Abuse; *Childhood Play Behavior; *Mother Child Relations; *Psychosocial Development; Cognitive Development; Early Childhood Development; Infant Development; Social Skills Classification:
Behavior Disorders & Antisocial Behavior (3230)
Population:
Human (10)
Male (30)
Female (40)
Location:
US
Age Group:
Childhood (birth-12 yrs) (100)
Infancy (2-23 mo) (140)
Preschool Age (2-5 yrs) (160)
Adulthood (18 yrs & older) (300)
Tests & Measures:
Bayley Scales of Infant Development–Second Edition
Mental Developmental Index
Maltreatment Classification System
Grant Sponsorship:
Sponsor: National Institute of Mental Health
Grant: 1 R01 MH54643
Recipients: Cicchetti, Dante

Methodology:
Empirical Study; Followup Study; Longitudinal Study; Quantitative Study Format Covered:
Electronic
Publication Type:
Journal; Peer Reviewed Journal
Document Type:
Journal Article
Publication History:
First Posted Date: Jul 11, 2011; Accepted Date: Apr 12, 2011; Revised Date: Jan 24, 2011; First Submitted Date: Mar 12, 2010 Release Date:
20110711
Correction Date:
20110905
Copyright:
American Psychological Association. 2011.
Digital Object Identifier:
10.1037/a0024459
PMID:
21744951
PsycARTICLES Identifier:
dev-47-5-1280
Accession Number:
2011-14088-001
Number of Citations in Source:
65
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