Psychology and Transitions

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TDA 3.3 Describe with examples how transitions may affect children and young people’s behaviour and development. Transition is a term given to periods of change which children or young people undergo as they progress through different periods of their lives. Transitions are crucial for children to grow and for future development. There are transitions which affect every child’s development and transitions which are personal to only some children. Many transitions are conventional and expected changes, which affect all children as they develop through to adulthood. These changes can explained to children in advance and children can then have the opportunity to question why these changes are happening to them. The majority of children cope well with these changes and experience very little negative effect on their future development. The physical development of a child is affect by transitions which are related to the natural patterns of growth. These transitions start with birth and continue through to adulthood. Being bottle/breast fed, weaning, first teeth, toilet training, learning to walk, moving from a cot into a bed, starting to talk, are all transitions, through which all children progress. Whilst progressing through these early transitions children are developing, forming their own identities and becoming more independent. One of the main development transitions is puberty. Children are affected not only by the physical changes their body is undertaking but also the emotional upheaval of puberty. During this time children may start to experience peer pressure. Children’s behaviour will change, they may become withdrawn, may suffer from outbursts of anger and they will challenge boundaries. This is a period of adjustment, they are nearing adulthood and begin to take on more responsibilities and want more responsibilities, but it is also a period when they feel vulnerable and need emotional support. Another significant transition is...
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