Psychology and Section B. Section

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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Level

PSYCHOLOGY Paper 3 The Specialist Choices Additional Materials: *8704969120*

9698/03
May/June 2007 3 hours Answer Booklet/Paper

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. There is a choice of five specialist options in this question paper. Choose two options and answer questions from those two options only. In each option there are two Sections: Section A Answer one question for each of your chosen options. Section B Answer one question for each of your chosen options. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

This document consists of 11 printed pages and 1 blank page. SP (FF/CGW) T26167/3 © UCLES 2007

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2 PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION Answer one question from Section A and one question from Section B. SECTION A Answer one question from this section.

1

(a) Explain, in your own words, what is meant by the term ‘learning difficulty or disability’. (b) Describe one cause and one effect of a learning difficulty or disability. (c) Describe one way in which a learning difficulty or disability may be overcome.

[2] [6] [3]

2

(a) Explain, in your own words, what is meant by ‘preventive strategy’ for disruptive behaviour. [2] (b) Describe one type of disruptive behaviour. (c) Describe two ways of preventing one type of disruptive behaviour. [3] [6]

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9698/03/M/J/07

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3 SECTION B Answer one question from this section.

3


According to behaviourist Edward Thorndike, behaviours that are rewarded tend to be repeated. So, if your good work is rewarded you are likely to repeat it! (a) Describe how one psychological perspective has been applied to education. (b) Evaluate how one psychological perspective has been applied to education. [8] [10]

(c) Giving reasons for your answer, suggest how your chosen perspective could be used to teach [6] science.

4 Internaliser or Externaliser? You pass your examinations because you worked really hard: an internal attribution. You fail your examinations because the examiner set the wrong questions: an external attribution. In reality you fail because you didn’t work hard and I set the right questions! (a) Describe what psychologists have found out about motivation and educational performance. [8] (b) Evaluate what psychologists have found out about motivation and educational performance. [10] (c) Giving reasons for your answer, suggest how a teacher may motivate children. [6]

© UCLES 2007

9698/03/M/J/07

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4 PSYCHOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT Answer one question from Section A and one question from Section B. SECTION A Answer one question from this section.

5

(a) Explain, in your own words, what is meant by the term ‘climate’.

[2]

(b) Describe one study showing the effects of climate and/or weather on performance and describe one study showing the effects of climate and/or weather on social behaviour. [6] (c) Describe one study showing the effects of climate and/or weather on health. [3]

6

(a) Explain, in your own words, what is meant by the term ‘technological catastrophe’. (b) Describe one natural disaster and one technological catastrophe.

[2] [6]

(c) Describe one way in which psychologists can help people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder. [3]

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5 SECTION B Answer one question from this section.

7 Don’t stand so close to me In 1968 Little carried out a...
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