Psychology and Perspective

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  • Topic: Psychology, Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud
  • Pages : 1 (315 words )
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  • Published : September 14, 2012
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1) List the historical perspectives in psychology and briefly describe each perspective, including any theorist mentioned in the text book who is associated with the perspective. Structuralism Perspective: uncovering the mental components of consciousness, thinking, and other types of mental states and activities. (Wilhelm Wundt, p.15). Introspection Perspective: the procedure to study the structure of the mind, described as what they are experiencing when they are exposed to a stimulus. (Wilhelm Wundt, p.15). Functionalism Perspective: concentrates on what the mind does and the role of behavior. (William James, p.16). Gestalt Perspective: emphasizes on how perception is organized and thinking in a "whole" rather than on the individual elements. (Hermann Ebbinghaus & Max Wertheimer, p.17). 2. List the current perspectives in psychology and briefly describe each perspective, including any theorist mentioned in the text book who is associated with the perspective. Neuroscience Perspective: the study of behavior from the perspective of the biological function of the brain. (Robert S. Feldman, p. 19). Psychodynamic Perspective: the approach based on the view that behavior is motivated by unconscious inner forces, in which the individual has little control. (Sigmund Freud, p.19). Behavorial Perspective: the approach that suggests that observable, measurable behavior should be the focus of study. (Sigmund Freud, p.19). Cognitive Perspective: the focus on how people think, understand and know about the world. (Robert S. Feldlman, p. 20). Humanistic Perspective: this approach suggests that all individuals strive to grow, develop, and be in control of their lives and behavior. (Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow, p.20).

3. Discuss which perspective, either historical or current, makes the most sense, and why. I feel that the Humanistic Perspective make the most sense to me, in the way that it naturally allows oneself to take control of growth,...
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