Psychology and Human Behavior

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PSYCHOLOGY AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR
Contents :

Preface to forward………………………………...3
A.Introduction…………………………………….....4
a.Definition………………………………………...4
b.Psychology and Other Sciences………………...5
c.Major Areas of Research…………………….....6
B.Child Psychology……………………………….....6
a.Introduction………………………………….......6
b.Scientific Study…………………………………..7
c.Environmental Studies………………………….8
d.Developmental Theories………………………...9
C.Developmental Psychology……………………....15
D.Social Psychology…………………………….......16
a.Introduction……………………………………..16
b.Processes of Social Influence…………………...17
c.Social Perception……………………………..…22
d.Interpersonal Behaviour……………………….25
e.Applications of Social Psychology……………..27
Bibliography…………………………………….......29

Preface to Forward

After having studied psychology as a school subject i became more and more interesed in this scientific field and tried to improve my knowledge about it. My first reason for choosing such a topic is the fact that i am really fascinated by psychological phenomena that can describe and explain human behaviour from many perspectives.My dream is to manage to undestand such things and later on in life,after taking some specialised courses to be able to assist those in need for psychological aid. The second reason for picking out to write about psychology and human behavior is the fact that direct research thrills me,maybe in an endeavour to help my fellow humans behave nicely in our modern society.By reading a lot of periodicals and studying online articles in this domain i think my paper could give its readers a small glimpse of this interesting science field and lead them towards a fuller comprehension and appreciation of the hard work scientists have done in the domain so far. It is some reading material for those who love humanity,for those who want to prevent their children from becoming mentally ill and guide them to lead a healthy life.

A. INTRODUCTION

a. Definition

Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and the mind. This definition contains three elements. The first is that psychology is a scientific enterprise that obtains knowledge through systematic and objective methods of observation and experimentation. Secondly is that psychologists study behavior, which refers to any action or reaction that can be measured or observed—such as the blink of an eye, an increase in heart rate, or the unruly violence that often erupts in a mob. Thirdly is that psychologists study the mind, which refers to both conscious and unconscious mental states. These states cannot actually be seen, only inferred from observable behavior. Many people think of psychologists as individuals who dispense advice, analyze personality, and help those who are troubled or mentally ill. But psychology is far more than the treatment of personal problems. Psychologists strive to understand the mysteries of human nature—why people think, feel, and act as they do. Some psychologists also study animal behavior, using their findings to determine laws of behavior that apply to all organisms and to formulate theories about how humans behave and think. With its broad scope, psychology investigates an enormous range of phenomena: learning and memory, sensation and perception, motivation and emotion, thinking and language, personality and social behavior, intelligence, infancy and child development, mental illness, and much more. Furthermore, psychologists examine these topics from a variety of complementary perspectives. Some conduct detailed biological studies of the brain, others explore how we process information; others analyze the role of evolution, and still others study the influence of culture and society. Psychologists seek to answer a wide range of important questions about human nature: Are...
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