November 24, 2014
Is Addition a Disease?
An argument that is continuously debated is wheatear addiction should be characterized as a brain disease or not. Addiction is a state characterized by the compulsive engagement in rewarding behavior or compulsive drug use.
Many believe that addiction should be characterized as a brain disease. This is because drug addiction is considered a complicated brain disease characterized by compulsive uncontrollable drug cravings. “Addiction should be known as a brain disease, the bill proclaims, "Because drugs change the brain's structure and manner in which it functions. These brain changes can be long lasting, and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs” (Satel, Lilienfeld). Drugs alter the brains function and changes its normal behavior. The excessive use of drugs disrupts the brain circuits involved in memory and control over behavior. Memories can trigger an abusers addiction through former people, places, and things that are associated with the individual’s addiction. One’s control over their behavior is impaired due to the fact that the frontal lobe where an individual needs to exert inhibitory control over desires and emotions is affected because of continuous drug abuse. Drug addiction can also be classified as a developmental disease that usually begins at a young age and can continue throughout a lifetime if untreated.
Others might disagree and say that addiction is voluntary. This is because they believe that individuals know exactly what they are doing is wrong and unhealthy, but refuse to stop. When an individual begins experimenting with drugs it is usually on their own accord and they only become addicted when they use the drug to cope with certain aspects of their daily lives. These believers have come to the conclusion that addiction is a defect of the hedonic system. The hedonic system is a pathway in the limbic system that mediates motivated behaviors....
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