Topics: Psychology, Sociology, Developmental psychology Pages: 5 (1511 words) Published: August 26, 2013
Karly Coppola
The Five Parts of Psychology
When you hear the word psychology, what comes to mind? While psychology is a popular subject, a lot of people are not aware of the many different elements of this broad and fascinating subject. It’s best to learn about the early history of psychology, the official beginning of psychology and more about psychology today. Generally, there are five different approaches to the subject of psychology. The five different parts are; Cognitive, Social, Physiological, Developmental, and Individual. All of the parts are unique in their own way and help different people in many sorts of ways. The first part of psychology we are going to speak about is Cognitive Psychology. Cognition is the term used to describe a range of mental activities associated with thinking. Cognitive processes include reasoning, problem solving, paying attention and remembering. Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that studies mental processes including how people think, perceive, remember, and learn. As part of the larger field of cognitive science, this branch of psychology is related to other disciplines including neuroscience, philosophy, and linguistics. The core focus of cognitive psychology is on how people acquire, process and store information. There are numerous practical applications for cognitive research, such as improving memory, increasing decision-making accuracy, and structuring educational curricula to enhance learning. The second part of psychology that is going to be discussed is Social Psychology. Social Psychology studies the way we interpret events that are going on around us and how we interact with one another. Social psychology looks at a wide range of social topics, including group behavior, social perception, leadership, nonverbal behavior, conformity, aggression and prejudice. It is important to note that social psychology is not just about looking at social influences. Social perception and social interaction are also vital to understanding social behavior. It is important to understand how social psychology differs from other disciplines. Social psychology is often confused with folk wisdom, personality psychology and sociology. What makes social psychology different? Unlike folk wisdom, which relies on anecdotal observations and subjective interpretation, social psychology employs scientific methods and the empirical study of social phenomena.

The next part of psychology we are going to bring up is Physiological Psychology. Physiological Psychology is the study of how the functions of the brain, in particular how the functions of the nervous and endocrine systems are related to the influence of behavior and mental processes. Other aspects of physiology such as stress, looking at the way we respond to different circumstances and how by understanding those responses we are able to cope and possibly not let the stress affect us. Sleep, dreaming, consciousness and motivation are all part of the experience which psychologists study. Modern psychologists believe that physiology interacts with social cognitive and cultural influences to produce the wider picture not just one aspect. This is some complicated material, and it should be since what you will be dealing with could offer mankind insight into the essence of humanity. You will have all of the skills and training of a psychologist, along with unique insights into the structure and function of the human brain normally left to neuroscientists. There are also, of course, some extra benefits here because the next time your parents ask you why you took the car and broke curfew, you can tell them that it had nothing to do with you, and everything to do with your superior colliculus. Physiological psychology is the science that studies the biological bases of behavior. For this reason, physiological psychology is sometimes referred to as biological psychology, biopsychology, or psychobiology. This means...
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