November 12, 2010
A. List of Tests for infants, young children, handicapped and Special populations
SPECIFIC INDIVIDUAL ABILITY TESTS
Braselton Neonatal Assessment Scale (BNAS)
The scale enables parents, health care professionals, and researchers to understand a newborn's language, as well as individual strengths and needs in depth. The BNAS assesses various behaviors of infants until two months of age and takes about thirty minutes to administer. This assessment evaluates four main areas, including the infants' ability to monitor their own breathing, temperature, and other bodily systems; control their motor movements; maintain an appropriate level of consciousness, which ranges from quiet sleep to a full cry; and interact socially with parents and other caregivers. The purpose of the BNAS is to help professionals assess the infant's pattern of response to the environment and then assist parents with strategies to build a positive relationship with their infant.
Gesell Developmental Schedules (GDS)
Evaluates the physical, emotional, and behavioral development of infants and young children. The Development Schedules are a set of four timetables devised by Arnold Gesell (1880-1961) at Yale University to evaluate the physical, emotional, and behavioral development of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. They describe typical behavior at specified ages in the following areas: ability to adapt; motor functioning; use of language; and social interaction. The Development Schedules are useful to pediatricians, child psychologists, and other professionals who work with children. They also serve as the basis for evaluating a child's performance on the Gesell tests. The Preschool Test, which is administered individually to children between the ages of 2½ and 6, consists of a variety of tasks and activities. Oral sections measure language skills, attention span, and accuracy of personal knowledge. Besides talking about themselves and their families, children are asked to name animals and discuss their favorite activities. A paper-and-pencil section assesses dominance, neuromuscular development, fine motor skills, and task-appropriate behavior. Children are asked to write their names, copy geometric figures, write numbers, and complete a drawing. A building-block section, which involves building increasingly complex structures with a set of cubes, measures fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination, and attention span. Other tasks included in the Preschool Test are repeating numbers, recognizing shapes, and discriminating among prepositions. The Gesell School Readiness Test, used for screening older children (ages 4½ to 9) for placement in kindergarten through third grade, consists of the Preschool Test plus additional tasks including visual exercises, matching and drawing tests, and a labeling and naming exercise to assess right and left orientation. A child's performance on the Gesell tests is evaluated based on the Development Schedules, and he or she is assigned an overall "development age" (DA). Although the Gesell test and schedules are widely used, critics claim that children with undiagnosed visual or other perceptual problems can be assigned disproportionately low DAs and be penalized in terms of school placement. Bayley Scales of Infant Development – Second Edition (BSID II)
Long the standard of excellence for evaluating the development of young children, the Bayley Scales of Infant Development®—Second Edition (BSID–II) offers a standardized assessment of cognitive and motor development for children ages 1 month through 42 months. BSID–II incorporates technical soundness, expanded content coverage, enhanced clinical validity, and brighter stimulus materials. It reflects current norms and allows diagnostic assessment at an earlier age to help lead to needed intervention.
Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale (CIIS)
The Cattell Infant Intelligence Scale is one of the oldest infant...
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