Psychological Struggle and Academic Performance of Single Parents

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Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING
Background of the Study
Statistics shows that two of every ten college students today is a single parent, whether male or female. And the number of single parents in college is on a steady rise. This shouldn't really be surprising since single-parent households have been on a sharp and steady increase for several decades. Today, there are more single parents enrolled in college than ever before. Single parents face difficult challenges, and single parents who are also college students have additional stresses and demands to deal with. In fact, an international study conducted shows that juggling between study and raising a child has an enormous impact to the persistence of single mothers in attending college. The study revealed that single parent mothers, especially those who are currently in poverty, find it difficult to even enroll in college plus the psychological struggles they encounter add up in becoming a barrier to their stay in college. The phenomenon of single parents in college studies has a wider sphere of interest world-wide because they now constitute a noticeable fraction of the university population in all countries (Bowl, 2000). Little has been studied about how these single parents experience university or college life. Nor has there been full exploration of whether and how universities and colleges are changing to meet the needs of this growing group of single-parent students In the Philippines, research indicates that single mothers, especially those who pursue their degree in college, experience excessive stress and that the stress is a result of the need to provide financially for the family concurrently with caring for the home in ways traditionally handled by both men and women, acquiring new skills, and parenting. In Davao City, an observed number of students are single mothers believes that completion of a four degree provides the best opportunity, to acquire good jobs with good wages and benefits despite the struggles they may encounter. When the parent adds the role of student, educational demands may be difficult to balance. When responsibilities interfere with education, psychological struggle takes place. This struggle might affect the quality of education they obtain.

Statement of the Problem
This study focuses on the relationship between psychological struggle and academic performance of the Single parents. Specifically, this study will answer the following questions: 1.What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: 1.1Age

1.2Gender
1.3Civil status
1.4Number of children?
2.What is the level of psychological struggle of the single parents in terms of: 2.1Economic
2.2Social
2.3Psychological?
3.What is the level of academic performance of the single parents in terms of: 3.1Exam
3.2Quizzes
3.3Research
3.4Class participation?
4.Is there a significant relationship between the level of psychological struggle and level of academic performance of single parents? 5.Is there a significant difference between the level of psychological struggle and level of academic performance in relation to demographic profiles? 6.What are the issues and concerns faced by the Single parents? 7.On the basis of the findings, what can be suggested to address concerns of the single parent?

Hypotheses
The following hypotheses are formulated:
There is a significant relationship between the level of psychological struggle and the level of academic performance. There is a significant difference between the level of psychological struggle and the level of academic performance in relation to the demographic profiles.

Review of Related Literature

Theoretical and Conceptual Framework

This study is anchored on the theory of Vincent Tinto (1993) which examines the relationship between student characteristics, enrolment, involvement behaviours, persistence and attainment. Student characteristics...
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