Psychological Perspectives M2

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PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES M2
I am going to look at how the humanistic and the biological approaches are used in health and social care practices and how they are applied to service provision, comparing the similarities and differences for each approach. The biological approach is being used in health care a lot more now we are more aware and knowledgeable on the brain and the nervous system. Scientists can now look at the brain through MRI and PET scans to see the effects of brain damage, disease, and drugs. The Biological approach prescribes drug-based treatments for mental disorders. Biological therapies are constructed on the belief that mental illnesses are caused by abnormalities in the neural and bodily process, such as imbalances in certain neurotransmitters or malfunctions in certain areas of the brain. Biology treatment is used everywhere as medicine. There is proof that it has been successful for many mental disorders. People who use the humanistic approach believe that individuals make have their own choices freely about their behavior. Therapy for this approach concentrates on people as individuals, that we all have unique abilities and talents. The approach believes that if people are given help to find themselves and see their self-worth they will develop as better people. Depression is a way you think and feel about yourself, feeling like you’re a failure and feeling like you can’t do anything. It is a mental state where the individual feels very down, extremely unhappy and suffers from low self-esteem. Depression is a mental disorder which involves uneven moods. From the biological point of view, depression is cause by the neurotransmitters in the brain. The chemicals in the brain such as, Serotonin, Norepinephrine and Dopamine become imbalanced. A biologist would treat this by giving prescription drugs however the drugs will not cure the depression they can only balance out the hormones. Psychotropic medications are used to change the...
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