Psychological Explanations of Schizophrenia

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Psychological explanations of Schizophrenia

|Explanations |Studies (A01/A02) |Key Points | |Psychological | |AO1 | | |Psychodynamic |Psychodynamic | | |Freud (1924) |Regression to a pre-ego stage: if an individual lives in a harsh and uncaring world/environment. Delusions of grandeur can be seen as an | | |Fromm-Reichmann (1948) |element of this ‘primitive’ state | | |Oltmanns et al (1999) |Attempts to re-establish ego control: could explain the presence of auditory hallucinations | | | |Cognitive | | |Cognitive |Biological factors responsible for initial sensory experiences | | |Meyer-Lindenberg et al (2002) |More features/aspects of disorder appear as individual tries to understand these sensory experiences | | |Schielke et al (2000) |Delusions can appear as a result of lack of validation of initial experiences from friends and family, therefore fear of being lied | | |Yellowlees et al (2002) |to/persecuted emerges | | | |Behavioural | | |Behavioural |Symptoms of schizophrenia can be seen as due to ‘faulty learning’ | | |Liberman (1982) |Lack of reinforcement may cause the child to respond to inappropriate cues | | |Roder et al (2002) |Behaviour therefore becomes ‘bizarre’ | | | | | | | |A02 | | | |Psychodynamic | | | |There is a lack of research evidence...
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