Psychological Effects of Social Media

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The Daily Mail just ran a thought-provoking article about the effect that social websites have on childhood development. In short, eminent neuroscientist Susan Greenfield claims that social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter shorten attention spans and contribute to an instant gratification, self-centered mindset. From the article:

We know how small babies need constant reassurance that they exist. My fear is that these technologies are infantilising the brain into the state of small children who are attracted by buzzing noises and bright lights, who have a small attention span and who live for the moment. I often wonder whether real conversation in real time may eventually give way to these sanitised and easier screen dialogues, in much the same way as killing, skinning and butchering an animal to eat has been replaced by the convenience of packages of meat on the supermarket shelf. Let me first say that I am not a scientist, a psychologist or even a social networking guru; but I am a father and a member of the human race, so addressing these concerns—whether real or imagined—is significant to me. To be completely fair, I don’t think the fault rests solely on social networking; it’s symptomatic of a larger concern. Instant communication technologies like IRC, IM and texting are low-resolution communication “proxies”. Instead of learning how to interact directly with human beings, we learn how to interact through these proxies. The big difference between relating to humans and relating to humans through a proxy, I believe, is how we learn to deal with disparity. With these proxies in place, it’s so easy to sever the connection with little consequence because it’s just a machine; the proxy keeps us from considering the human being on the other side of the connection. Real life human interaction makes it much harder to just “ignore” someone we don’t like or don’t agree with. The other concern that seems especially relevant for children is that if they learn to relate to other humans through a proxy, when facing times of difficulty or extreme loneliness, the human care and support will feel very unreal or empty. What computer can give a child a hug? Receiving a text message that says “I love you” is encouraging but only valuable because of the human being on the other side of that connection. The science is still out on much of this, but it seems like the more I think about it, the more concerns come to mind…

Social network sites risk infantilising the mid-21st century mind, leaving it characterised by short attention spans, sensationalism, inability to empathise and a shaky sense of identity, according to a leading neuroscientist. The startling warning from Lady Greenfield, professor of synaptic pharmacology at Lincoln college, Oxford, and director of the Royal Institution, has led members of the government to admit their work on internet regulation has not extended to broader issues, such as the psychological impact on children. Greenfield believes ministers have not yet looked at the broad cultural and psychological effect of on-screen friendships via Facebook, Bebo and Twitter. She told the House of Lords that children's experiences on social networking sites "are devoid of cohesive narrative and long-term significance. As a consequence, the mid-21st century mind might almost be infantilised, characterised by short attention spans, sensationalism, inability to empathise and a shaky sense of identity". Lady Greenfield on social networking sites and your health Link to this audio Arguing that social network sites are putting attention span in jeopardy, she said: "If the young brain is exposed from the outset to a world of fast action and reaction, of instant new screen images flashing up with the press of a key, such rapid interchange might accustom the brain to operate over such timescales. Perhaps when in the real world such responses are not immediately forthcoming, we will see such behaviours and call them...
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