Psychological Disorders Presentation

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Psychological Disorders Presentation
Debra Baker
University of Phoenix
Introduction to Behavioral Science
Katherine Malish
June 23, 2010

Psychological Disorders Presentation
For many millennia psychological disorders, also called mental disorders have been misunderstood. Used to, people suffering from such disorders were thought to be demonically possessed or they were accused of being a witch. Many of these unfortunate people were burned, tortured, or locked up away from society, which was torturous in itself due to the deprivation of life sustaining necessities such as food and air that patients were forced to endure (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Since the Middle Ages much has been done in efforts to humanize the treatment of those suffering from mental disorders. Along with new and better facilities, there have been extensive studies into the causes and possible treatments of these disorders. During the late 1800s and early 1900s three theories or models were brought forth attempting to explain the nature, causes, and treatment of mental illnesses. These theories include the Biological Model, the Cognitive-Behavioral Model, and the Psychoanalytic Model (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Though it has been revised several times there is a book issued by an organization known as the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that lists and describes various types of mental disorders. Included in the book are childhood, sexual, anxiety, and schizophrenic disorders. Dissociative, personality, mood, and psychosomatic and somatoform disorders as well. The following paragraphs contain a description of the various disorders, and along with an example of each is an explanation of the symptoms, the causes, and the treatment used (Morris and Maisto, 2002). Beginning with childhood disorders, also referred to as developmental disorders, these are generally diagnosed during infancy,...
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