“Psychological disorders are behaviors or mental processes that are connected with various kinds of distress or impaired functioning (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).” Many people battle different kinds of disorders ranging from anxiety, dissociative, somatoform, moodiness, schizophrenia, personality, and many other disorders (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some are so mild that people do not recognize when they have it, and some are so severe that they become a nuisance to the community. A disorder is simply an abnormal way of acting toward something. Psychologists have a reference guide called the DSM IV, which is the updated version of the DSM (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). A detailed guide that helps the psychologist examines the overall stability of the patient rather that only focusing on the diagnosis (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
First, anxiety is among the most common disorders that many people face on a day-to-day basis. Anxiety is a trait in which someone experiences the inability to calm down, continuous worrying, and fear that something bad will happen (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Physical traits consist of perspiring, shaking, rapid breathing, and the feeling of faintness (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
“Types of anxiety include phobias like claustrophobia, the fear of being in a confined space, or acrophobia, the fear of heights (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).” Others are panic disorder, which is when someone becomes terrified at any given moment due to some kind of incentive; generalized anxiety disorder demonstrates someone being too apprehensive and overwrought (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some suspected casual factors of personality disorders is said to be taught by reinforcement such as experience or seeing others react to a particular stimuli (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some phobias are learned at a young age, whereas others can be obtained at a later period (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Psychodynamic theorists... [continues]
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