Psychological Disorders’ Presentation
“Psychological disorders are behaviors or mental processes that are connected with various kinds of distress or impaired functioning (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).” Many people battle different kinds of disorders ranging from anxiety, dissociative, somatoform, moodiness, schizophrenia, personality, and many other disorders (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some are so mild that people do not recognize when they have it, and some are so severe that they become a nuisance to the community. A disorder is simply an abnormal way of acting toward something. Psychologists have a reference guide called the DSM IV, which is the updated version of the DSM (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). A detailed guide that helps the psychologist examines the overall stability of the patient rather that only focusing on the diagnosis (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
First, anxiety is among the most common disorders that many people face on a day-to-day basis. Anxiety is a trait in which someone experiences the inability to calm down, continuous worrying, and fear that something bad will happen (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Physical traits consist of perspiring, shaking, rapid breathing, and the feeling of faintness (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
“Types of anxiety include phobias like claustrophobia, the fear of being in a confined space, or acrophobia, the fear of heights (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).” Others are panic disorder, which is when someone becomes terrified at any given moment due to some kind of incentive; generalized anxiety disorder demonstrates someone being too apprehensive and overwrought (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some suspected casual factors of personality disorders is said to be taught by reinforcement such as experience or seeing others react to a particular stimuli (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Some phobias are learned at a young age, whereas others can be obtained at a later period (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Psychodynamic theorists believe anxiety is a product of cataleptic issues that may have happened as a young child, whereas cognitive theorists think physical traits are what cause ones anxiety (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
Next, dissociative disorders are when a person conflicts within their own characteristics such as thoughts, emotions, identity, or memory (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). According to the DSM, there are four kinds of dissociative disorders, which contain amnesia, fugue, depersonalization disorder, and dissociative identity disorder (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). Amnesia is a disorder where someone cannot remember things about their self or life experiences, but they are still able to function (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). The fugue disorder causes people to flee after experiencing amnesia; dissociative identity disorder is a dissociative disorder in which a person possesses more than one distinct personality (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). The last dissociative disorder is the depersonalization disorder, and this is when people experience something like an out of body experience or like looking in at one’s self (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
Unfortunately, these types of disorders are categorized by either role-playing or not real (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). For example, in the movie Sybil, Sally Field played a woman who had multiple personalities. “Before this movie was introduced there were a reported 50 known accounts of this kind of disorder; after this movie was released more than 200,000 accounts were reported by the 1990’s (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).” Theorists’ believe that if these disorders do exist they are a result of them mentally trying to block out bad things they have had to endure (Nevid & Rathus, 2005).
Thirdly, there are two types of Somatoform disorders, Conversion and hypochondrias. Conversion Disorders cause people to be incapable of physical movement (Nevid & Rathus, 2005). This can include things such as paralysis, loss of feeling, or...
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