Psychological Disorders

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Running head: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS

Psychological Disorders
(Extra Credit Assignment)
Debra Fitch
PSY 100
Professor: Angelique Andrews
June 1, 2010

The term psychological disorder or mental disorder is a term that many individuals misuse. Mentally ill people are often labeled and stigmatized by others. Many people refer to someone with a mental or psychological disorder by using incorrect words, labels and [slang] terms. Labeling and using expressions such as basket case, mental case, crazy as a loon, loony, retarded or [he, she] is mental or out of their mind are unacceptable; they not only further damages an already ill person, but also deter these individuals from seeking help because they do not want anyone to find out about their particular disorder(s). The definition of a psychological disorder as defined by Cherry (2010), is “A pattern of behavioral or psychological symptoms that impact multiple life areas and/or create distress for the person experiencing these symptoms”. Essentially, a mental disorder impedes a person’s ability to think, feel and relate to others. The DSM-IV TR, a book containing a classification of psychological disorders, estimates that there are approximately 250 different psychological disorders (Cherry, 2010). Additionally, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2010) (utilizing the 2004 census), there are approximately 57.7 million Americans, more than 26 percent of our population, that are affected by some type of psychological disorder. Additionally, psychological disorders are the number one cause of disability in America (NIMH, 2010) & (Santrock, 2006). According to Cherry (2010), “Relevant recent research has revealed that psychological disorders are far more prevalent than previously believed. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), approximately 26 percent of American adults over the age of 18 suffer from some type of diagnosable mental...
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