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Psychological Approaches to Learning

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Psychological Approaches to Learning

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Psychological Approaches to Learning
Kenneth D. Lewis
PSY 101
Jimletta Vareene-Thomas
December 19 2010

Learning is a psychological behavior that is considered by most to be fundemental to human development. Learning is a relitively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience (Feldman, 2009 p. 177). This paper will discus behavior, cognitive, and developmental psycological theories to learning. It will also interpret the different psychological theories to learning and will anayze and illustrate the essential understanding of normal and abnormal psychology in regards to the learning process. As learnig has been recognized as fundemental to human development it is important to study the different approaches that are employed in any learning environment. The Study of learning has been at the core of psychological study since its beginning (Feldman, 2009 p.177).

Behavioral psychology, also known as behaviorism, is a theory of learning based on the idea that all ideas are based on conditioning. Conditioning occurs through interaction with the environment. According to behavioral psychology, behavior can be observed in a systematic and observable manner with no connsideration of internal mental states (Cherry, 2010). From a psychological stand point it is clear that humans are ready to learn from an early age. When we are young we show signs of a primitive type of learning called habituation, which is a decrease in response to a stimulus that occurs after repeated presentation of the same stimulus (Feldman, 2009 p.177). For example, a young child may show signs of stimulus in regards to a toy however, over a time they may loose interest in the stimulus after seeing the same toy over and over. Habituation also permits us to ignor things that have stopped providing new information (Feldman, 2009 p.177).

“Behaviorists are most concerned with actions that are observable. Traditionally, they have

believed that all behavior is...