Psychological Allerogry in Lord of the Flies

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The human mind is a complicated and elaborate system. The novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding shows how when isolated, even young children brought up in the best manner can decent to savagery, and the inner evil of the human heart will emerge. In this classic tale, every person's state of mind is represented in some way. Jack represents the id, Ralph represents the ego and Piggy represents the superego. The main characters represent each element of Sigmund Freud's theory of the human psychology.

Jack represents the natural instinctual needs and primitive urges in man, as id. Throughout the novel, Jack quickly forgets all aspects of his former civilization and is drawn deeper and deeper into an animalistic nature. He exemplifies this through painting his face, and committing various acts of violence. First, Jack is exhilarated by hunting, which would otherwise be a necessity for the boys survival. Before long, the hunting is more than sport, but a savage ritual and thirst for blood. In Jacks statement, "We're strong-we hunt! If there's a beast we'll hunt it down. We'll close in and beat and beat and beat-" (99), he demonstrates his desire to hunt and kill, whether it is the killing of an animal or even a human. When Jack kills his first pig, "His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink." (74). Jack takes pride in his kill, and does not think about anything else, which is a primitive desire and a sign of id. Also, Jack has a strong yearning to control the other boys and gain power on the island. He does this by giving the others meat, "I painted my face – I stole up. Now you eat – all of you – and I –" (78). The id, having no morals and seeking instant gratification without having any repercussions, is shown through Jack by the horrendous...
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