Robert J. Threeton
April 2, 2013
Leslie Brougham Freeman, PhD
Psychoanalytical Personality Assessment
In this paper, I will discuss the differences between the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler. I will show the characteristics of which I agree with as well as the characteristics that I disagree with. I will describe the stages of Freud’s theory and explain characteristics of personality using these components. Finally, I will describe uses of three Freudian defense mechanisms by using real life examples. In regard to the psychoanalytical theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler, there are several similarities; however, there are also several differences. Freud’s theory focuses on the sexual perspective of the mind. In his theory, the three basic components are id, ego, and superego. Jung’s theory is based on his belief that the human mind has an undeniable spiritual nature. Jung believed that individuals can be differentiated into two general groups: the introvert, whose interests mainly centered about himself, and the extrovert, whose interests are mostly taken up by his environment or object. Jung recognizes four fundamental or primary psychological functions: Thinking, Feeling, Perception, and Intuition. Thinking and feeling are the two opposite rational functions; perception and intuition are the two opposite irrational functions (Malamud, 1923). According to Adler, the neuroses consists in the effort for the individual to overcome the feeling of inferiority, and the outward signs and symptoms are the manifestations of those dexterities developed to this end. The Adlerian concept serves to bridge the gap between the organicists and the functionalists (White, 1917). Jung and Adler were associated with Freud and took excessive interest in his theory of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis has demonstrated, the importance of studying men's unconscious motives, and impulses...