Psychoanalytic, Jungian, and Individual Psychology Theories
When the word classical is used, images of things developed long ago with their traditional styles and ideas come to mind. They are perceived today as outdated and not as effective. Classical models of psychotherapy although deemed outdated, still have relevance in today’s practice of understanding human behavior. Psychotherapy is a science and art that was established back in the 1800’s with its own style and ideas. Classical models of psychoanalytic theory include psychoanalytic theory, neoanalytic theory, and individual psychology. The psychoanalytic theory founded by Sigmund Freud is the study of human psychological functioning and behavior. The personality theory developed by Carl Jung is the study of personality and individual differences. The individual theory developed by Alfred Adler is the study of human behavior with emphasize on striving for perfection. These classical models are not extensively used in today’s contemporary counseling practices and agencies however, they laid the foundation for the profession of psychology and the practice of psychotherapy as we know it today (Murdock, 2009) and their influences on counseling is still prevalent. Comparison
Initially, Jung, and Adler believed in similar concepts of psychotherapy introduced by Freud. All three believed in the concept of the unconscious as a way to explain dreams and understand human behavior. Although Adler believed that dreams provided insight into one’s lifestyle and social interest, he did not place as much focus on dream interpretations as Freud and Jung. Both Jung’s and Freud’s technique were similar in that therapy is conducted on a one-to-one basis, and emphasis is placed on revealing unknown motivations of behavior (Mayer, 2007). As time passed, Jung and Adler branched out to create their own theories of psychotherapy. Contrast
Psychoanalytic theory is based on the premise that humans are motivated by...
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