The short story entitled “Ta-Na-E-Ka,” by Mary Whitebird tells us about Mary, an Indian Kaw girl who tried to avoid the Indians’ old tradition which was called as Ta-Na-E-Ka. The reason why I choose this story to analyze is because I am interested in the existence of the old tradition of Indian living people within the modern culture which is very contrast with the tradition itself. The tradition I am talking about is a tradition of the Kaws that children at a specific age-usually 11 years old-make "Ta-Na-E-Ka", an initiation rite that makes them to men and women, in the other word, to adults. This story becomes very attractive after Mary, the main character designed by the author, failed to avoid Ta-Na-E-Ka, willy-nilly attempt to do five-days surviving in the forest as her grandfather asked her before. But Mary had her own way to survive. This is the point which the author tries to convey, about how to exist in a world, in a modern world that wasn’t made for Indians. Everybody has to survive in any time, under any circumstances. That’s why I argue that what Mary had done in this story was not entirely wrong. On the contrary, she had shown that she was good in surviving. So, in order to understand and comprehend the characteristic of Mary, I would like to do the Freud’s Psychoanalysis model of the figure of this Indian Kaw girl.
As we know, every literary work has something we called as psychology of literature. Therefore, in this paper, I would like to analyse the Freud’s Psychoanalysis model of the figure of Mary, a young Kaw girl who lived in 1947. The first one is about its model of psyche. It includes id (pleasure principle), ego (reality principle), and superego (moral censors). In this story, it is clearly stated that Mary really did not want to join the endurance ritual her grandfather commanded to do. But she realized that she had no choice, and she had to do Ta-Na-E-Ka which would bring her to become an...