Psychoanalysis is the method of psychological therapy originated by Sigmund Freud in which free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of resistance and transference are used to explore repressed or unconscious impulses, anxieties, and internal conflicts ("Psychoanalysis"). This transfers to analyzing writing in order to obtain a meaning behind the text. There are two types of people who read stories and articles. The first type attempts to understand the plot or topic while the second type reads to understand the meaning behind the text. Baldick is the second type who analyzes everything. Since his article, "Allure, Authority and Psychoanalysis" discusses the meaning behind everything that happens in Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" we can also examine "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas" in the same manner.
"Allure, Authority, and Psychoanalysis" discusses the unconscious wishes, effects, conflicts, anxieties, and fantasies within "Frankenstein." The absence of strong female characters in "Frankenstein" suggests the idea of Victor's desire to create life without the female. This desire possibly stems from Victor's attempt to compensate for the lack of a penis or, similarly, from the fear of female sexuality. Victor's strong desire for maternal love is transferred to Elizabeth, the orphan taken into the Frankenstein family. This idea is then reincarnated in the form of a monster which leads to the conclusion that Mary Shelley felt like an abandoned child who is reflected in the rage of the monster.
After reading the article by Baldick, I immediately thought of Ursula K. Le Guin's "The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas." I was forced to read the story again having an open mind and the idea that everything has an alternative meaning. After doing so, I realized that it contains the same concept of abandonment and anger. In order to keep everything in Omelas prime and perfect one person has to be sacrificed. One child is kept in a broom closet in... [continues]
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