Worksheet for Chapter 1
What is Psychology?
Please answer ALL questions in your OWN WORDS!!!
1. Define Psychology.
Psychology is the science of human and animal behavior.
2. Define the perspectives listed below.
a. BIOLOGICAL/NEUROSCIENCE- the study of anatomy
b. PSYCHODYNAMIC- the study of interacting motives and emotions
c. BEHAVIORAL/LEARNING- the manner of behaving or acting
d. HUMANISTIC- is when a person has a strong interest in dignity
e. COGNITIVE- mental processes, memory, judgment
f. CROSS CULTURAL- is when two or more culture are combined
g. EVOLUTIONARY- development
3. What is the Scientific Method, and why is it important. (In your answer please discuss the many different steps of the Scientific Method).
The steps of the Scientific Method are Observation/Research, Hypothesis,
Prediction, Experimentation, and Conclusion. Each of these methods are
essential because it's a way to make sure that your experiment can give a good
answer to your specific question.
4. What are the DESCRIPTIVE research methods? Please discuss some of the pro’s and con’s of EACH method.
The 3 main descriptive research methods are Observational Method, Case Study
Method and Survey Method. In the Observational Method, animal and human
behavior is closely observed. In the Case Study Method, it involves an in-depth
study of an individual or group of individuals. In the Survey method, participants
answer questions administered through interviews or questionnaires.
5. What is a correlation?
A correlation is a mutual relation of two more things.
6. In the following examples, try to predict of there is a positive correlation (+), a negative correlation (-) or no correlation at all (0). a. The number of shovels sold and the number of winter storms in the Bronx. + b. Amount of junk food...
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