...Schizophrenia, Psychosis, and LifespanDevelopment
There are five common stages of development; birth, infancy, adolescence, adulthood, and old age. Development occurs throughout these stages. If during on of those stages a break in development occurs an individual is likely to develop a mental disorder such as psychosis and/or schizophrenia (Hansell & Damour, 2008).
There have been many theories on the causes of mental disorders. Some of the earliest include possession by demons or the devil, or physical factors such as pressure on the brain. Today research explores four main factors; genetic, biochemical, psychodynamic, and social. If a child has a parent, grandparent or sibling with schizophrenia than that child is more likely to inherit the disease. Another cause linked to schizophrenia is abnormal brain function. Underactive frontal lobes can cause sensory perception complications increasing the likeliness of a schizophrenia diagnosis. If a mother contract an illness like the flu the child is also more likely to develop schizophrenia. Another case of schizophrenia includes an excessive amount of dopamine in the system. Stress and drug use are also lined to causes of psychosis and schizophrenia (Hansell & Damour, 2008)....
...Schizophrenia and Psychosis and Life Span Development
University of Phoenix
October 20, 2008
Schizophrenia translates as split mind and the psychological changes can be so profound that the affected individual is thrust into a world that bears little resemblance to everyday experience. The person with schizophrenia lives in an internal world marked by thought processes that have gone awry; delusions, hallucinations, and generally disordered thinking become the norm.
Hansell and Damour (2005) states:
Psychosis is a state of being profoundly out of touch with reality. Psychotic individuals may experience hallucinations and/ or delusions (p.393). Psychosis can occur in many mental disorders, and is most frequently associated with schizophrenia (p.398).
Hansell and Damour (2005) also states:
The effort to define what constitutes psychological normality and abnormality in developing children has given a rise to field within abnormal psychology known as developmental psychopathology which aims to "understand troublesome behavior in light of the developmental tasks, sequences, and processes that characterize human growth" (p.438).
Define Major DSM-IV-TR Categories
"Schizophrenia is actually a group or class of disorders. There are different subtypes of schizophrenia, defined...
...Schizophrenia â€“ A Biopsychosocial Model
Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder characterized by a wide variety of symptoms. The term schizophrenia has been subjected to many misinterpretations since first introduced. The disorder is so common and the symptoms so peculiar the term schizophrenia has become part of societyâ€™s standard vocabulary. Schizophrenia is chronic, progressive, and considered one of the most severe and frequent forms of mental disorders afflicting one percent of the population (National Institute, n.d.). Schizophrenia develops as a result of biological predisposition and environmental factors characterized by profound disruptions in the most fundamental elements of the mind including thoughts, perception, emotion, language, and a sense of self. Lines of research are converging with connections between biological predisposition and environmental factors enabling a better understanding, diagnosis, and treatment plan for schizophrenia.
The disruption of brain development resulting from a genetic predisposition and environmental stressors during prenatal development such as exposure to viruses, malnutrition before birth, problems during birth, and other psychosocial factors are contributors to schizophrenia (National Institute, n.d.). During early childhood and adolescence, environmental factors can further damage...
During the 1950s, mentally disordered people who were harmful to society
and themselves could be treated with medications and were able to return safely
to their communities. During the 1980s, the cost of health care increased more
than any other cost in our national economy. As a result, strategic planning
has been made to reduce costs. "The political decision made to
deinstitutionalize chronic mental patients started with the appearance of
phenothiazine medications. Dramatically reducing the instability influenced by
psychosis, these medications were of great significance to many individuals with
serious mental disorders. At both the state and federal levels, legislators
looked at the high cost of long-term psychiatric hospitalization. Social
scientists guaranteed them that community-based care would be in the best
interests of all concerned: the mentally ill and the general, tax-paying public
(Barry 13)." It was believed that a social breakdown syndrome would develop in
chronically mentally ill persons who were institutionalized. The
characteristics of this syndrome were submission to authority, withdrawal, lack
of initiative, and excessive dependence on the institution.
While deinstitutionalization was kindhearted in its primary logic, the
actual execution of the concept has been greatly undermined by the lack of good
community alternatives. At this time a large amount of the individuals using
December 1st, 2012
Table of Contents:
1. Cover page (1)
2. Table of Contents (2)
3. Introduction (3)
4. Body Paragraph 1: History of Schizophrenia (4)
5. Body Paragraph 2: Symptoms/ Hallucinations (4-5)
6. Body Paragraph 3: Biological Theories/Brain (5-7)
7. Body Paragraph 4: Genetics/ Relatives (7-8)
8. Body Paragraph 5: Environmental and Cultural Contributions (8-9)
9. Body Paragraph 6: Treatment Plan (9-10)
10. Conclusion (10)
11. Work Cited (11)
Page Number: ( )
According to World Health Organization schizophrenia is listed as the second highest contributor to overall burden of diseases. Schizophrenia is one of the most tragic diseases a human being can be afflicted with. The disorder involves disturbances in perception, thought, behavior, language, emotion and communication. The onset of symptoms begins most commonly in people who fall in the category of late teens to early twenties. In the United States alone one half to two and a half percent of the population are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Numerous studies have found,
â€śthe rate of schizophrenia to be higher among economically impoverished groups, which may reflect the effect of poverty on people vulnerable to the illness or the fact that individuals with schizophrenia...
SchizophreniaPSY 350: Physiological Psychology
Instructor: Danielle Carr
March 18, 2014
The human body is made of different organs that collaborate to control the normal functioning of the brain. If this region organ is, affected poor functioning of the body can be experienced since the brain controls all other organs. Disorders of the brain may develop due to physical injuries to the head, accidents, hereditary or due to some harmful environmental conditions. Failure of communication of the nerves and neurons in the brain can result to development of a brain disorder. Most brain disorders have no cure and they have adverse effects to the individual to an extent that they may be everlasting may be long lasting. Schizophrenia is a disorder of the brain
SchizophreniaSchizophrenia is a serious disorder of the brain that causes distortion of the thinking, expressing emotions, acting, relating to others and perceiving reality. It is the most disabling and chronic mental illness and people with it have problems functioning in school, in relationships and in the society. The symptoms of the disorder always cause the victim, to live a withdrawn and frightened life (Jones, Buckley & Kessler, 2006). The disorder is a long life one that has no cure but it can only controlled by using proper medication. Schizophrenia is...
South Georgia Technical College
This paper is meant to be written to provide a better understanding of schizophrenia, its history and diagnosis and treatment. There are a lot of views concerning this disorder and they are found all over the internet and in different books published about the disorder. It seems that writing one paper could consume a lot of time and patience. I believe that even putting all of what I have found as far as beliefs and treatments, if put into a book, would take years to sort through and fully understand. There is so much information and so much repetitiveness that is makes it hard to fully understand the what, where, when, why, and how of schizophrenia. Hopefully, I can break it down into language that is easily understood.
What is schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects approximately 1 to 2 percent of the worldâ€™s population. It is a complex illness and mental health experts are not sure what really causes it. Some believe that genes may play a role with it. It can be characterized by hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, social withdrawal, lack of initiative and persistence, speech poverty, deficits in learning and memory and poor abstract thinking (Carlson, 2010). It is followed by loss of brain tissue and it also affects multiple areas of the brain. Symptoms...
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that generally appears in late adolescence or early adulthood - however, it can emerge at any time in life. It is one of many brain diseases that may include delusions, loss of personality (flat affect), confusion, agitation, social withdrawal, psychosis, and bizarre behavior.
Individuals with schizophrenia may hear voices that are not there. Some may be convinced that others are reading their minds, controlling how they think, or plotting against them. This can distress patients severely and persistently, making them withdrawn and frantic.
Others may find it hard to make sense of what a person with schizophrenia is talking about. In some cases, the individual may spend hours completely still, without talking. On other occasions he or she may seem fine, until they start explaining what they are truly thinking.
Schizophrenia does not only affect the person with the disorder. Families, friends and society are affected too. A sizeable proportion of people with schizophrenia have to rely on others, because they are unable to hold a job or care for themselves.
The wordÂ schizophreniaÂ comes from the Greek wordÂ skhizeinÂ meaning "to split" and the Greek wordÂ Phrenos (phren)Â meaning "diaphragm, heart, mind".
Signs and Symptoms
DelusionsÂ - The patient has false beliefs of persecution, guilt of...