July 30, 2012
Although Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung began as colleagues, Jung being the younger of the two, they both had different ideas about the study of psychology and it’s theories. Jung once followed Freud and conducted research with him however he came to develop his own theories which were in contrast to Freud’s ideas. In fact Jung rejected many of Freud’s theories later in his career. While the two were different they also were very much alike. They both studied the unconscious and the way in which it affected an individual and to what extent. The primary differences they had in their careers are very interesting to look at. Sigmund Freud was the first to propose the theory of psychoanalysis which is considered to be part of the psychodynamic theories. Many different psychodynamic theories exist and the main theme of them is the emphasis on unconscious motives and desires, in addition to early life experiences and how they contribute to ones personality. According to Freud’s theory, which was called psychoanalytic theory, personalities are formed due to the conflict between the unconscious aggression and sexual drives and the demands of society to rein them in (Feist & Feist, 2009). Freud postulated most processes that one has mentally is unconscious, he further broke down one’s level of awareness into three levels; conscious, preconscious, and the unconscious. The conscious is the information that one pays attention to and the only level of mental life available to an individual (Feist & Feist, 2009). The preconscious is the information the individual is not aware of but can access if needed. Freud believed that some information moved into the preconscious to save the individual unnecessary anxiety. The unconscious includes all of the urges, drives, and instincts which an individual is not aware of but they affect behavior, feelings, and words. Most people are aware of the obvious...