Using the text, Cognition: The Thinking Animal, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, answer the following questions. Your response to each question should be at least 150 words in length. 1. What is primary memory? What are the characteristics of primary memory? Primary memory is the staging ground for thought and it temporarily buffers information. Primary memory is used for items which we only intend to remember for a short period of time such as when we need to pick up a few items at the grocery store. It is used to retrieve information from secondary memory while taking information in our environment, for temporary maintenance or to be put into secondary memory (Willingham, 2007). Primary memory was thought to be different from secondary memory. This was shown by different characteristics such as how forgetting happens, how our memories are represented, and the amount of information that can be stored at one time (Willingham, 2007). It was discovered that primary memory was much more complex. Willingham, D.T. (2007). Cognition: The thinking animal (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River. NJ: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
2. What is the process of memory from perception to retrieval? What happens when the process is compromised?
Our brains sort out all of the data we are exposed to through our five senses into short-term memory, long-term memory or it just removes it for the purpose of keeping us from becoming overwhelmed with information (Conger, 2011). Our short-term memory gives us the ability to retain information for the moment and then it is gone. It stores small amounts of memory, up to seven pieces for only an average of 20 to 30 seconds and then it is gone (Conger, 2011). Our long-term memory is capable of holding information for many years or even our lifetime. If we do not use this stored information we can start to lose it also (Conger, 2011). Memories are...