University of Phoenix Material
Autism and Mental Retardation
Respond to the following:
1. List the primary features of autism.
The primary features of autism are uncommunicative, extremely unresponsive, rigid, repetitive and cannot handle changes.
2. Which explanation for autism is no longer considered valid and lacks research support?
The sociocultural view is no longer valid as an explanation. It explains that the caretaker is to blame for the autism. The parents are blamed for neglecting the child and showing no social skills.
3. What forms of treatment are helpful for a person with autism?
Right now, there is no treatment to cure autism but there are treatments to help improve autism. Behavioral therapy is the most common treatment for autism. This form of therapy is to help show the patient what behaviors are right and which ones are wrong. Reinforcing is also a huge part in behavioral therapy. The key is to get the patient to focus on something else.
Communication training is also available as treatment for autism. This form of treatment helps the patient with their communication skills as many patients cannot even communicate with others.
There are a few prescription drugs and some vitamins that can help the improvement of autism.
4. List the criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation:
People diagnosed with mental retardation are below average in intelligence and adaptive abilities. A patient with mental retardation has a very hard time with normal life skills, communicating, and destruction.
5. Explain one way in which sociocultural biases in testing might pose problems for assessing mental retardation.
It doesn’t matter how you are raised or if you come from a good background, you are just as likely to be diagnosed with mental retardation. Sociocultural would be environmental conditions and social status.
6. Of the four levels of...
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