Psy 230 the Clusters

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The three clusters that I chose are extraversion, openness to experience, and conscientiousness. Extraversion is really a family of related smaller traits (such as sociability, warmth, and excitement seeking), all sharing a resemblance to each other, but each carving out something of its own identity within the broad family constellation (McAdams, p157). Openness to experience involves imagination, innovation, independence, and curiosity. Conscientiousness includes self-discipline, responsibility, reliability, organization, and perception. A disadvantage of falling on the extreme end of extraversion would be impulsiveness, the fact that the high extravert acts before thinking, and that they fail to learn from a mistake before moving on to the next thing. An advantage would be that they are socially dominant, have a good self-image, and have more positive than negative feelings and attitudes about life. An advantage for falling on the high end of openness to experience would be that they are very imaginative and innovative; however, some people would think that this is a disadvantage. I do not. Another advantage is that they reject or question stereotypical attitudes, complex, and non-conforming (McAdams, p185). A disadvantage would be people’s perception of them and absorption. Someone scoring high in absorption may become so wrapped up in their imagination that they lose themselves. An advantage of conscientiousness would be that they are hard-workers, very responsible and reliable, well-organized, and persistent all of which employers and friends value. A disadvantage would be that they are not very spontaneous, and they may seem overly cautious. Another disadvantage may be that they are predictable; however, like all of the advantages and disadvantages of the clusters, it depends on someone’s perception of what they think are good qualities and what they think are bad qualities.

McAdams, D.P. (2009). The person: a new...
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