There are many different languages in the world, continent, and our country. Knowing a second language can give a person an edge in our multilingual world. This advantage could be used almost anywhere. These places include the work place, in a foreign province or country, and even in schools. Today there are many jobs and occupations that either require or would benefit from a second language. Even simple every day jobs can profit from knowing a new language. For example grocery clerks benefit from their knowledge of a second language by being able to help customers that do not know English and need help finding what they need.
Second language learning has been defined “as the study (of) the way in which people learn a language other than their mother tongue, inside or outside of a classroom.” (Ellis 2008)
The term acquisition was popularized by Stephen Krashen, who made a sharp distinction between learning and acquisition in his 1982 theory of second language acquisition. He used learning to refer to the conscious aspects of the language learning process and acquisition to refer to the subconscious aspects. Developing subconscious knowledge of the second language is more important than developing conscious knowledge. While conscious language knowledge is important for many aspects of second language acquisition, developing subconscious knowledge is vital for fluency. The knowledge that people use when they are speaking a language is mostly subconscious. It appears that learners can use conscious knowledge in speech if they have time and they are focused on form, but if these... [continues]
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