WHAT IS HISTORY
History (from Greek ἱστορία - historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about these events. The term includes cosmic, geologic, and organic history, but is often generically implied to mean human. Scholars who write about history are called historians. -------------------------------------------------
A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past and is regarded as an authority on it. Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race; as well as the study of all history in time. If the individual is concerned with events preceding written history, the individual is a historian of prehistory. Although "historian" can be used to describe amateur and professional historians alike, it is reserved more recently for those who have acquired graduate in the discipline. Some historians, though, are recognized by publications or training and experience. "Historian" became a professional occupation in the late nineteenth century as research universities were emerging in Germany and elsewhere. Why is history a science?
Because it considers and deals with facts. Although one has to take into consideration peoples opinions, these too are based upon fact. other science subjects are of course the natural sciences, but this category also includes geography, social science?
it is considered a social science because it has the most important characteristic of a social science: it studies the social life of groups and individuals. In order to communicate, items are categorized one way or another. That's how we think. We absorb new thoughts into categories in our minds. So, if this is the case, somewhere along the line, it was determined, that facts, events, and people from the past are interdependent. Therefore, they qualify as falling under the umbrella term: Social Science. Eight Steps of Historical Research
The following is excerpted from A Guide to Historical Research Through the National History Day Program. A team of ten veteran teachers provide their best practices in managing NHD in the classroom. The book is formatted to take teachers step-by-step through a school year, from topic selection to research presentation complete with ready to use worksheets.
Step 1: Developing a paperwork management system
Organization is a key factor in successful research. The teacher should encourage students in the beginning stage of research to select a paperwork management system.
Step 2: Selecting a Topic
Teachers should work with students to select a topic related to the annual theme. Brainstorming ideas or looking through the history textbook are great ways to begin thinking about potential topics. For ideas on theme connection and topic selection please see the NHD annual theme book.
Step 3: Background Reading for Historical Context
In the excitement of getting started students sometimes skip one of the most important steps, building historical context for their research topic. Take time to support students in reading widely about their topic. Look at several different history books about the time period in which the topic takes place.
Step 4: Narrowing Your Topic
Selecting a National History Day topic is a process of gradually narrowing the area of history (period or event) that interests the students. For example, if the student is interested in Native Americans and the theme is Rights and Responsibilities in History, a natural topic would be treaty rights. After reading several texts and journals about Native Americans and treaties, the process might look something like this:
Theme: Rights in History Interest: Native Americans Topic:...