PROSPECTS OF MUSHROOM FARMING AT SAVAR UPAZILA IN DHAKA
A term paper submitted in fulfillment of the requirements in the course of Bangladesh Studies Submitted by Mir Arman, 0822BBA00938 Md. Rakebul Hasan, 0822BBA00904 Mostafizar Rahman, 0822BBA00946 Md. Ashikur Rahman, 0822BBA00950
Course code: GED 202 Course Title: Bangladesh Studies Summer Semester, 2009
Under the Supervision Of Md. Abu Hassan Faruk Lecturer in Bangladesh Studies
Department of Business Administration Manarat International University, Dhaka Date: 28 July 2009
Abstract Mushroom soft delicate white fruit body of fleshy fungi, of the family Agaricaceae. The real plant is the microscopic fine thread-like body called mycelium, grows on the substratum or under the surface of soil. After maturity the mycelia come together in a very compact form and sprout as spreading umbrella like structure. Majority of mushroom belong to Hymenomycetes of Basidiomycotina, characterized by the presence of spore bearing hymenium layer below the spreading structure, the gill.
Acknowledgement We would like to thanks to our course teacher Md. Abu Hassan Faruk, for his kind helps and sincere guidance for preparing this term paper. We also acknowledge the cooperation of those persons and organizations that have helped us in this study - Information center of Savar Mushroom center, all Mushroom farmers, especially Mrs. Rasheda Begum help us a lot. We would like to thanks them all.
Content Particulars 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Introduction Growing Mushrooms Study Area Significance of the Study Objectives Literature Review Methods and materials Results and Discussions Page No. 05 06 11 12 12 13 20 21 23 24 24 25
1.9 Findings 1.10 Recommendations/Suggestions 1.11 Conclusion 1.12 Bibliography
1.1 Introduction Mushroom is an attractive food to cultivate in developing countries for many reasons. One of the most charming points would be that they are grown on agricultural wastes. It enables us to acquire substrate materials at low prices or even for free and to conserve our environment by recycling wastes. So it’s a great potential sector of agriculture and helps to reduce poverty. It can be a very potential source of an extra income. Bangladesh’s land is suitable for cultivate Mushroom. The poisonous mushrooms are commonly known as toadstools. Sometimes a species may be edible when it is young and fresh, may become poisonous or inedible when it is over matured and has started decaying. The common edible mushroom belongs to some species of Agaricus and Pleurotis. The common poisonous species are of Lepiota and Amanita. Edible mushrooms provide a good addition to the diet in the form of proteins, carbohydrates, valuable salts and vitamins, immediate between meat and vegetables. Due to high protein and mineral contents and low caloric value, it is recommended to heart patients. About 20 mushroom species grow wild in Bangladesh, of which 5-6 are poisonous. Some mushrooms grown wild are eaten by the tribals of the chittagong hill tracts. Very recently some small-scale farms are cultivating mushroom in the country. Mushroom cultivation raising edible mushroom for human consumption. In the ancient Greek, Roman and Indian culture mushroom has been described as delicacies associated with royal class. The commercial cultivation first started in Europe with the beginning of this century. Mushroom cultivation in Bangladesh is very recent. In early 1980s commercial mushroom cultivation was initiated by Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council and then a
Mushroom Culture Centre at Savar. The recommended cultivated mushroom is white button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) and oyster mushroom or wood fungus (Pleurotis sajor-caju, P. flabellatus, P. ostreatus). The oyster mushroom is common and favourite in Bangladesh. The main raw material for growing is a composite mixture of rice straw and rice husk saw dust and cotton waste, and...