NGOs in Bangladesh have been recognized as effective change agents in the socio-economic arena throughout the world. Their contributions in micro credit, non-formal education and primary health care are widely known. NGOs play a significant role in society.
As a result accountability and importance of NGOs has become a critical issue. But, regardless of motivation the theoretical issues related to the accountability of NGOs remain largely neglected in Bangladesh.
At best, NGOs in Bangladesh only tangentially meet these standards. For examining the nature, philosophy, strategies, operations, Strengths and Weaknesses of the NGOs of Bangladesh, we select “PROSHIKA” a leading NGO in Bangladesh.
This report studies the case of Bangladesh where the number of NGOs has proliferated and some globally known NGOs have emerged. First, it briefly explains the structure of PROSHIKA and profiles. Finally, it analyzes the critical outcomes of these programs.
2) Objectives of the Study:
Bangladesh, considered as one of the poorest countries in the world, faces some major crises. Economically, Bangladesh is characterized by dehumanizing poverty with the vast majority of 60% living below the poverty line due to excessive landlessness (60% of all households are landless), endemic malnutrition (83% of all children below the age of five are malnourished) and massive unemployment (covering 30% of the estimated labor force of 36 million).
The NGO scene in Bangladesh is very different from other countries. Several of these organizations have become very large, very professional, and they've become a model for others. Bangladesh, one of the poorest countries in the world and the last place you would have expected this to happen, has really become a leader in showing what the voluntary sector can do.
So we want to know about NGOs strategy, activities, program, achievements, principles and we also try to recommend about their function.
2.1 Importance of NGOs in Bangladesh.
The World Bank defines NGOs as:
“Private organizations that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, protect the environment, provide basic social services, or undertake community development”.
In a wider usage, the term NGO can be applied to any non-profit organization which is independent from government. NGOs are typically value-based organizations which depend, in whole or in part, on charitable donations and voluntary service. Although the NGO sector has become increasingly professionalized over the last two decades, principles of altruism and voluntarism remain key defining characteristics.
From the definition we can understand the importance of NGOs in a developing country like Bangladesh. Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) have emerged as an integral part of the institutional structure for addressing poverty as well as rural development, gender equality, environmental conservation, disaster management, human rights and other social issues. NGOs offer the flexibility, expertise, rapid responses, and commitment in local environments to respond rapidly to emerging signs of trouble.
Globalization during the 20th century gave rise to the importance of NGOs. Many problems could not be solved within a nation. International treaties and international organizations such as the World Trade Organization were perceived as being too centered on the interests of capitalist enterprises. In an attempt to counterbalance this trend, NGOs have developed to emphasize humanitarian issues, developmental aid and sustainable development.
2.2 Evaluation of NGO activities in Bangladesh.
NGOs (non-governmental organizations) refer to organizations, both national and international, which are constituted separately from the government of the country in which they are founded. The basis of the NGO society were built mainly by volunteers and private donations, but nowadays with massive needs from the...