Pros & Cons of Legalizing Abortion

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Running head: Abortion 1

The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion

PHI 103

March 5, 2012

Running head: Abortion 2 The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion
In the 19th century the United State of America had passed very strict laws concerning abortion; however, in the 20th century those laws have been changed in some states. Even though abortion is a very intense and important issue in our society, it has not stop people from debating over mother and unborn child’s rights. This paper will discuss the pros and cons of legalizing abortion in our society today, and how it plays a crucial role when it comes to health and social condition. Due to all the pros and cons about abortion; it becomes controversial whether or not the laws should forbid it.

Abortion has affected many people with health issues such as; HIV/AIDS and twin-to-twin syndrome. HIV/AIDS is considered as one of the reasons that necessitate a mother to have an abortion. For instance, women with HIV/AIDS infection are more likely to abort their pregnancy because they realize that it can be passed to their unborn child (Banks, L., T., 1996). According to Cook and Dickens (2003), “Compromise of the immune system that HIV-positive women suffer is further aggravated by pregnancy, which itself reduces women immune reaction, It is reported that some hospitals in the United States have therefore urged HIV-positive pregnant women to terminate pregnancies, and they have done so directly.”

These women noticed that if the HIV/AIDS infection were transmitted to their child or children then they too would have to go through the sickness, different medication, and the many doctor appointments. They also realized that the fetus tends to weaken their immune system because it uses more of their energy, body fluids, and blood cells to survive in the womb. Since the mother realized that her immune system is already weak she needs to conserve her strength and energy as much as possible. 3

The Pros and Cons of Legalizing Abortion
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is also a very serious medical issue that causes a complicated pregnancy which leads to abortion. According to the American pregnancy association (2004), “Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is a serious disorder that occurs in identical twins and higher order multiples who share a placenta. This occurs when there is a connection in the two babies’ blood vessels of their shared placental. This results in one baby (twin is referred to as the recipient) receiving more blood flow, while the other baby (twin is referred to as the donor) receives too little blood. Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome has been known to cause 15% of the abortion rates in the past century. This medical issue has given many mothers only one option and that is to abort both babies until recently.” Since medical technology has improved, mothers today have been given the opportunity to have one of the children saved (American pregnancy Association, 2004). The decision of having to decide whether or not to except the doctor’s recommendation of saving one of the twins can be very traumatic for a mother. The emotional and mental affects that it can take on the mother’s life can cause the mother to be non-responsive to the unborn child, cause the mother to blame herself everyday of her life, and morn over the child that she had to abort. However, this is a medical issue cannot be stopped because there is no medical prevention for this type of disease. Abortion can also affect social issues in many different ways such as poverty, teen pregnancy, religion, and rape (ex. Social issues due to rape are: constant stares and whispering behind a woman back from her community, church, friend, and family). Many...
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