Pros and Cons of Social Studies Teaching

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Characteristics of Short Stories

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References

Alphonse, M., (2011). Naturalism in Literature. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/naturalism-in-literature.htmlom. Vaux, R. (2012). What Are the Basic Characteristics of Realism. Retrieved November 20, 2012 from http://www.ehow.com/facts_5714410_basic-characteristics-realism_.html.

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Dramatic Structure
Exposition:
Introduction to setting, situation, and main characters.

Complication
An event that introduces the conflict.

Rising Action
Crisis: Crucial moment for the protagonist to commit to a course of action.

Climax
The highest interest of conflict, the most action.

Resolution
The point when the conflict is resolved.

Naturalism

Realism

Pessimism:
When a character tends to repeat a phrase by having a pessimistic outlook, this sometimes emphasizes the inevitability or quality of death, or the end (Alphonse, 2011).

Detachment: The author tries to maintain an objective tone by achieving a detachment or change through nameless characters. This focuses mainly on the plot and character rather than focusing on the character only (Alphonse, 2011).

Determinism: The notion that individual characters have a direct choice on their lives is replaced by a focus on fate or nature; this is the opposite of the belief of free will. The author makes the reader believe that the fate of the character has already been predetermined by certain factors, especially environmental factors and he can do nothing to change it (Alphonse, 2011).

Twist at the end: There is an overwhelming sense in the naturalist stories and novels that nature is not affected by human struggle. The key themes, survival, determinism, violence, and taboo, have been ideally portrayed in all the works of this literature genre (Alphonse, 2011).

Accuracy: Realism strives for total accuracy in the...
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