The History of Birth Control and Abortion
The method of the male withdraw is what women relied on prior to any development of birth control. When this failed crude infanticide and abortion was used as backup to having a child. The history of both birth control and abortion started in ancient history.
Birth control started with the condom in 3000 B.C. Condoms at that time were made from a number of materials. These materials consisted of fish bladders, linen sheath, animal intestines, and sheep bladders (Gibbs, 2010). Other material used were a half of a lemon as a make shift cervical cap in the 1700’s. In 1839 Charles Goodyear invented the technology to vulcanize rubber and put it to use manufacturing rubber condoms, intrauterine devices, douching syringes and womb veils (Gibbs, 2010). An early version of the diaphragm was created in 1880. In the years to follow different methods were invented and used to prevent pregnancy. In 1916 Margaret Sanger opens America’s first family planning clinic in Brooklyn. It was shut down within ten days after it opened (Gibbs, 2010). 1921 brought about the American Birth Control League which later became Planned Parenthood Federation of America. In 1938, a judge lifts the federal obscenity ban on birth control, but contraception remains illegal in most states (Gibbs, 2010). The year 1951 started the research by Margaret Sanger, and Gregory Pincus on the use of hormones in contraception. In Mexico City chemist Carl Djerassi creates a progesterone pill (Gibbs, 2010). The pill was tested on 50 women in Massachusetts and in May of 1960 the FDA announces its approval of Enovid as a birth control pill (Gibbs, 2010). After the pill was approved there were still concerns that would cause legal issues as well as medical issues for the women who chose to use it as a source of birth control. Today the pill is the most used source of contraceptives.
Abortion like birth control dates back to ancient times also....
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