Pros and Cons of Alcohol and Drug Use

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Pros of drinking are often related to moderate use, while cons are related to abuse. However, determining pros and cons based on amount of use is not a fail-safe method.

Pros
oIn healthy individuals, decreased risk for heart disease
oDecreased risk for type 2 diabetes
oRaise good cholesterol, lower bad cholesterol
oReduce blood pressure
oIncrease sociability
oIncrease assertiveness
oRelaxation
oFor fun
oAids in digestion
oReduces blood clotting and risk of ischemic stroke
oLike the taste
oLinked to reduced risk of Alzheimer’s
oStudies indicate moderate use if connected to weight control by curbing sweets cravings oModerate use is linked to
Cons
oBeer belly
oReduced nutrient absorption
oIncreased risk of breast, uterine, mouth, esophageal cancer, among others oAlcohol poisoning
oDeath
oAddiction/dependence/alcoholism
oIncreased risk for falls/injury
oLower inhibitions leading to high risk behaviors, i.e. unprotected sex and drunk driving oFAS
ocirrhosis
oPancreatitis
odementia
oheart damage
oSevere dehydration
oCardiomyopathy (irregular heartbeat)
oDisrupts sleep
oDepressant
oIncreased risk of violent behaviors
oMurder/rape/assault
oExpense
oLaw-breaking behaviors
oEmbarrassing behaviors
oPass out/Blackout
oStroke
oOsteoporosis
oSuicide
oSpousal/child abuse/neglect
oIncreased risk for gout
oHangover/vomiting
oLead to bad eating behaviors
oPoor decision making through misperceptions of own abilities Sources:

S.M.A.R.T.: Students Monitoring Alcohol Responsibility Together. (n.d.). Retrieved from Centre College’s Alcohol 101: Facts website: http://web.centre.edu/smart/facts.html#proscons

Formichelli, L. (2009). Health. Retrieved from CNNHealth.com website: http://www.cnn.com/2007/HEALTH/12/04/healthmag.alcohol/index.html

LaRue Huget, J. (2009, Dec.). The pros and cons of drinking: Weighing alcohol's effects on the body. Retrieved from The Washington Post’s website:...
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