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Abay Comman Woreda’s Socio Economic Profile

1. Introduction

Abay Comman is one of found in Horo Guduru Wellega Zone. It is located on the eastern part of zone. Today this district is sub-divided in to 31 Farmer Associations. Finca’a is the capital town of the district located about 47km away from the zonal capital shambu and 280km from capital town of Oromia called Finfinne. Fincha’a as an administrative center was established in 1960 E.C when the construction of Fincha’a hydropower dam started. In doing this profile the Finance and Economic Development experts prepared pertinent questionnaire and gathered some required information from branches and zonal sectors. This compiled profile is so expected to provide information about the districts physical setting and its socio-economic conditions that help governmental and NGOs bodies including private investors who needs to undertake development activities. 2. PHYSICAL SETTING Abay Comman is one of the districts found in Horo Guduru Wellega. It is shares boundaries with Ababo Guduru District in the North, Guduru District in the west Jarte Jardaga District in South, The districts possessing a total land area of 79,126 ha. It is divided in to 31 Farmer Associations having capital town named Finca’a. In this district there is one type of soil that is called Loam Soil. Regarding the relief of the district, Abay Comman is highly dominated by rugged topography that in turn affected the road constructions undertaken within the zone. There is one mountain in this district namely Abara mountain and also there is some of platoes such as; Bonde, Jobira and lafto kasa. The altitude of the district ranges between 2444ms & 1350ms above sea level. The mean annual rain fall of the woreda is about 1400mm -1500mm and the mean daily temperature is between 20- 320Co (degree Celsius) of the two years.

3. SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS 3.1 Population The 2000 population and housing census result is the base of population projection all over the country. Based on this census result, the population of Abay Comman district is projected to be 53872 of which 42 % was urban population in 2000 and 88.4% was rural population. Of the total population in the district, 31218is rural population, which directly sustains his life and the neighboring urban dwellers by the agricultural and similar activities? Table 3.1 Population of Abay Comman district by location and sex year Rural M 2000 15817 F 15401 T 31218 urban M 11399 F 11256 T 22654 Total M 27216 F 26656 T 53872

Table 3.1.2 Co-Operatives No. Co-Operatives Male 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A/Gana A/Birhan Addis Alem Homi Biqiltu Alaku Ifa Mirgitu Dino Berama Ganji Qexala Gudane amartii Ibsa Kolobo Total 561 577 332 536 170 199 176 350 175 180 3256 Members Female 49 58 40 40 7 21 10 24 6 5 260 Total 610 635 372 576 177 220 186 374 181 185 3516

Farmers service co ‘operatives renders for its members in field of agricultural development activities. Among services provided, agricultural input distribution, grain marketing and credit services are the major ones. The listed 10 farmers serves total capital of 383,924.58 in 2000. farmers’ serves of Abbay Comman district. co ‘operatives posses a The table below indicates the capital owned by 10

No.

Co-Operatives 1997 1998

Members 1999 106,677.68 90,598.16 35,123 74,888.80 4800 6350 6143 10,320 5129 5550 345,579.64 2000 118692.10 96,478.15 40,675.20 80,586.08 5360 9180 7276 13,710 6087.05 5880 383,924.58

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

A/Gana A/Birhan Addis Alem Homi Biqiltu Alaku Ifa Mirgitu Dino Berama Ganji Qexala Gudane amartii Ibsa Kolobo Total

113,025.95 74,399.68 17,185.87 72,897.55 0 0 0 0 0 0 277,509.05

115,916.26 82300.38 31,183 70,3002.04 0 0 4680 0 3891.01 0 940,972.69

3.2 Agriculture Potential arable land accounts for about 45.27% of which 26% is currently under annually and per annual crop cultivation. The remaining .19.26% of the total area of potential arable land is land reserved for...
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