Burglary A. definition - burglary - unlawful entry of any fixed structure, vehicle, or vessel used for regular residence, industry, or business, with or without force, with intent to commit a felony or a larceny B. subclasses of burglary 1. forcible entry a. some evidence of breakage, prying or other evidence of forceful entry is found b. examples 1. broken window 2. jimmied door 3. loosened air-conditioning duct 2. attempted forcible entry a. shows evidence of force, although the perpetrator may not have achieved actual entry 3. unlawful entry where no force is used a. occurs when a burglar enters an unlocked residence uninvited, stealing items found there C. nighttime burglary, which is more severely punished in some jurisdictions than daytime burglary, holds the possibility of violent confrontation between offender and homeowner D. according to the laws of most jurisdictions, burglary has not occurred unless it was the intent of the unlawful entrant to commit a felony or a theft once inside the burglarized location 1. other forms of illegal entry may simply be counted as trespass E. Statistics - for 2003 according to the UCR 1. 2,153,464 reported burglaries 2. rate of 740.5 per 100,000 people a. 758 per 100,000 in cities b. 555 per 100,000 in rural areas c. type 1. 62% involved forcible entry 2. 31% unlawful entry with no force 3. 6.3% attempted forcible entry d. 2/3 of reported burglaries were of residences e. $1,626 - average amount lost per burglary 1. $1,600 average per incident for residential burglary 2. $1,676 average per incident per non-residential burglary f. $3.5 billion - estimated total economic loss suffered by all burglary victims g. gender 1. 86% of offenders were male
age 1. 30% of offenders were under age 18 i. race 1. 70.5% of offenders were White 2. 28% of offenders were African-American j. clearance rate 1. 13.1% clearance rate a. 16% clearance rate in rural areas b. 14% clearance rate in cities F. Statistics for NCVS in 2003 1. 3,395,620 household burglaries and attempted burglaries 2. rates of burglaries generally higher for African-American households than for White households 3. wealthy African-American families had far lower burglary rates than did low-income White families 4. African-American families, regardless of locality, were more likely to be burglarized than White families 5. the longer a respondent lives at a particular residence, the less likely that person will be to report having been burglarized a. residence of 6 months or less reported a burglary rate of 151 per 1,000 households b. residence of 5 years or more reported a burglary rate of 38 per 1,000 households G. The Social Ecology of Burglary 1. burglary rates are higher in large metropolitan areas and in particular regions of the country such as the Midwest 2. lifestyle theory and routine activities theory have had a significant impact on explanations of how the nature and level of property crime offending have altered in response to changes in the routine activities and structure of daily activity a. from the standpoint of routine activities theory, for a criminal act to occur, three ingredients are necessary: 1. someone who wants something (a motivated offender) coming into direct contact with 2. someone who has that thing (a suitable target) and 3. the lack of anything or anyone to inhibit the crime (a capable guardian) b. individuals, families, and communities all change in response to: 1. changes in technology 2. changes in the production and distribution of services and goods 3. changes in the social structure of the population c. the basic contention of both lifestyle theory and routine
activities theory is that the following all influence the risk of criminal victimization: 1. what people do 2. where they do it 3. how often they do it 4. with whom they do it d. concern is to explore not why people commit crimes but, rather “how the structure of social life makes it easy...