Properties of the Six Trigonometric Functions

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  • Topic: Trigonometric functions, Mathematical analysis, Trigonometry
  • Pages : 3 (636 words )
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  • Published : August 23, 2012
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Properties of Trigonometric Functions
The properties of the 6 trigonometric functions: sin (x), cos (x), tan(x), cot (x), sec (x) and csc (x)are discussed. These include the graph, domain, range, asymptotes (if any), symmetry, x and y intercepts and maximum and minimum points. Sine Function: f(x) = sin (x)

* Graph

* Domain: all real numbers
* Range: [-1 , 1]
* Period = 2pi
* x-intercepts: x = k pi , where k is an integer.
* y-intercepts: y = 0
* Maximum points: (pi/2 + 2 k pi , 1) , where k is an integer. * Minimum points: (3pi/2 + 2 k pi , -1) , where k is an integer. * Symmetry: since sin(-x) = - sin (x) then sin (x) is an odd function and its graph is symmetric with respect to the origin (0 , 0). * Intervals of increase/decrease: over one period and from 0 to 2pi, sin (x) is increasing on the intervals (0, pi/2) and (3pi/2 , 2pi), and decreasing on the interval (pi/2 , 3pi/2). Cosine Function : f(x) = cos (x)

* Graph

* Domain: all real numbers
* Range: [-1 , 1]
* Period = 2pi
* x intercepts: x = pi/2 + k pi , where k is an integer. * y intercepts: y = 1
* maximum points: (2 k pi , 1) , where k is an integer.
* minimum points: (pi + 2 k pi , -1) , where k is an integer. * symmetry: since cos(-x) = cos (x) then cos (x) is an even function and its graph is symmetric with respect to the y axis. * intervals of increase/decrease: over one period and from 0 to 2pi, cos (x) is decreasing on (0 , pi) increasing on (pi , 2pi).

Tangent Function : f(x) = tan (x)
* Graph

* Domain: all real numbers except pi/2 + k pi, k is an integer. * Range: all real numbers
* Period = pi
* x intercepts: x = k pi , where k is an integer.
* y intercepts: y = 0
* symmetry: since tan(-x) = - tan(x) then tan (x) is an odd function and its graph is symmetric with respect the origin. * intervals of increase/decrease: over one period and from -pi/2 to pi/2, tan (x) is increasing....
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