Propaganda in Nazi Germany

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“In what ways and with what results was propaganda used by one ruler of a one party state?”

The success of propaganda in Nazi Germany is an are of intense debate. The variety of propaganda used makes judgement of overall success challenging as different methods worked with varying degrees of efficiency. Geoff Walsh insists on the success of the Hitler Myth, yet, Tim Mason asserts that blue collar workers heavily resisted Nazi indoctrination. This highlights how predisposition to conform to Nazi ideals affects the response of different societal groups to the regime. Whilst Walsh is correct in asserting the importance of Hitler’s Cult of Personality, many other forms of propaganda proved far less effective at changing the convictions of the German people. Propaganda proved highly effective at exacerbating pre-existing prejudices and legitimising underlying beliefs, nonetheless, propaganda would not have been able to instil Nazi ideology without the peoples’ inclination to believe it. For this reason the most effective propaganda targeted the young youth as they were most easily inculcated with their new, extreme ideas. Overall , Nazi propaganda encouraged acceptance of the state, yet, its failure to create true conviction undermines its final success.

From the start of their political campaign until the end of the war in 1945, the Nazi’s use of new technologies in propaganda gave them significant advantages over rival parties. As part of the 1932 Flight over Germany campaign, Hitler used the party aeroplane to deliver three speeches a day in different locations. This not only enabled him to address more people than his opposition, but also increased the speed of Nazi idea propagation. Innovative use of modern technology clearly distinguished the party from their 30 or so competitors. Nevertheless, following their rise to power, the effectiveness of these methods decreased rapidly. His use of radio clearly illustrates how many propaganda policies proved to be...
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