Propaganda in Animal Farm
During the 20th century, political issues overwhelmed other issues at that time due to some events and circumstances; such as World War I and II, the Soviet regime, colonialism, etc. George Orwell is one of the 2oth century writers who “liked to provoke argument by challenging the status quo, but he was also a traditionalist with a love of old English values. He criticized and satirized, from the inside, the various social milieus of his society.” (George Orwell). In his novel “Animal Farm”, he criticized the social, political, and economical factions at that time like Communism, Socialism, Secularism and even the church in a very intelligent symbolic manner. In his novel, he uses animals and some humans to refer to some famous figures in the history of the 20th century; such as Adolf Hitler, Leon Trotsky, Napoleon Bonaparte, Karl Marx, the Allies, and finally, the propaganda machine of a totalitarian government by the character of Squealer. Orwell uses the propaganda as a means to control and conquer others without fighting, but through some techniques; such as the common media, government reports, historical books, leaflets, movies, radio, emails, blogs, and finally the governmental speeches. So what is propaganda? What the types of manners it has? And where can we notice it in our daily life? According to Merriam_Webster Dictionary, propaganda is the spreading of ideals, information, or rumor for helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person. So from the definition, one can say that propaganda may have negative and positive aims. Either to help or to insult. George Orwell, in Animal Farm, uses the two sides but the negative one dominates the events more than the positive. As it is shown in the novella, propaganda is used by some characters to achieve their goals, claiming that they work and dedicate themselves for the sake of others, and the others believe! The passive side of propaganda could be shown at the...
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