Promote person centered approaches in health and social care
1.1 Explain how and why person centered values must influence all aspects of health and social care work:
Because everybody has different belief systems, needs, disabilities, cultures, religious beliefs. Everybody has their own person centered care plans that help us approach them in an individual way, even if we know how to assist clients we still try to offer those choices and independence. We need to make sure we do not push our beliefs onto those who cannot choose for themselves.
1.2 Evaluate the use of care plans in applying person centered values:
Care plans are the primary source of client information. We can make individual plans and requirements to suit the specific needs of an individual. The better the care plan the easier it becomes for us to assist a client in their own way without getting into a mess from not understanding the care plans.
2.1 Work with an individual and others to find out the person’s history, preferences, wishes and needs:
Depending if the individual can communicate we can ask them, or their family if they have family, if they have no family and cannot communicate we have best interest meetings to discuss the care that an individual may need. Care plans also have all the information that we need about a person’s history and preferences.
2.2 Demonstrate ways to put person centered values into practice in complex or sensitive situations:
Maybe just sitting and spending time with individuals on a 1:1 basis Intensive interaction with individuals
2.3 Adapt actions and approaches in response to an individual’s changing needs or preferences;
By reviewing care plans on a regular basis
3.1 Analyze factors that influence the capacity of an individual to express consent:
Dementia, understanding, not being able to communicate
3.2 Establish consent for an activity or action:
We have care plans to follow, it explains what individuals need, like. A lot of clients that I work with lack the capacity to make informed choices.
3.3 Explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established:
Best interest meetings will be made to acquire consent for those that lack capacity. 4.1 Describe different ways of applying active participation to meet individual’s needs: * Changing the way they approach the activity
* changing the activity to meet the individual’s need
* Variety of activities to suit everybody
* Prompt and encourage them to take part
* Try different activities if the others fail
4.2 Work with an individual and others to agree how active participation will be implemented: * Team meetings
* Best interest meetings
* Annual review meetings
4.3 Demonstrate how active participation can address the holistic needs of an individual: * More of a social life
* No need to be bored all the time
* Wide variety of activities to choose from
* Can help with communication
* Can give them a better quality of life
4.4 Demonstrate ways to promote understanding and use of active participation: * Going out shopping
* Doing housework (to what their abilities allow them to do ) * Cooking (or assisting with cooking if they can )
5.1 Support an individual to make informed choices:
If they have the capacity to make a choice then let them make it. Let them know that no choice is wrong and that the choice is 100% theirs to make. Don’t push your opinions onto them. Support them with whatever choice they make. If they lack capacity then best interest meetings will need to be set up so we can make choices for them bearing in mind what they used to like and dislike when they did have capacity or if they show a like/dislike to something.
5.2 Use own work role and authority to support the individual’s rights to make choices: * Listen to them
* Don’t make them choose
* Explain the outcome for either...
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