Promote Communication in Health and Social Care or Children's Settings Unit Shc31

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Promote communication in health and social care or children’s and young people’s settings Unit SHC 31 page 40 of handbook Whether children speak early or late, one language or more are learning to talk along typical lines or are experiencing difficulties, the language acquisition of all children occurs gradually through interaction with people and the environment. Language and communication is a vital part of a child’s life and plays a major role to who they become. Children will learn to talk in the first 2years of its life so interaction is so important for a newborn as it’s the first ever interaction they have, so what you show them, teach them and say to them will be what they know best as they don’t know any different. A baby will begin by using her tongue, lips, palate, and any emerging teeth to make sounds, ooh and ahhs in the first month or two, babbling starts shortly thereafter, and then on to words such as the common first word da da. Interaction is so important for the child as this is how the child learns how to interact back, not just with actions but with words too. These words will start of as ma or da but will gradually with help and what they begin to learn will turn into two words together, then into sentences etc. Babies learn languages in one way and that is by hearing language as the parents talk and talk to it. The more a parent can talk to a child, often repeating the same words, same phrases over and over, the sooner the child will learn language. ‘The earliest theory about language development assumed that children acquire language through imitation. Research has shown that children who imitate actions of those around them during their 1st year of life are generally those who also learn to talk more quickly’ Communication is a complicated process, with a child receiving a lot of information from adults. These could include, gestures, how you stand, words you speak, tone of voice, loud or soft and your facial expressions. Adults play a vital role in the development of a child’s language development and their communication skills. The child will pick up its main language skills from its main carer. This is why it is vital that the correct and appropriate language is used. Adults in affect chose how they want their child to speak and tend to chose words for them to learn first. The child will pick up and copy things you say when the speech has reached that level to be able to talk. This can be done by close monitoring and observing language development once beginning to talk. The behaviourists view is that children learn to speak via imitating the words and sentences heard from the people around them, mainly their parents/caretakers. They in turn strengthen the child's knowledge by repetition, correction and any other reaction that parents/caretakers may provide. This theory is especially associated with B.F.Skinner (1957) who regards language as similar to other kinds of human behaviour. ‘The development and use of communication and language is at the heart of young children’s learning. The ability to communicate gives children the capacity to participate more fully in their society’.                                                      The curriculum guidance, foundation stage, pg 45 It is also important that children’s language skills and development are encouraged but also observed and assessed to make ensure the child is progressing and doesn’t have and speech delays. This can be done by close monitoring and observing language development once beginning to talk. Early Years workers may well pick up on this easier in a childcare setting when the child is playing, taking part in activities, learning and interacting with other children. Speech problems or delays can normally be picked up easily, babies usually start babbling around 6months, if a child doesn’t start around this age and has no eye contact then there may be a problem....
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